Epigenetics plays a pivotal role in modulating gene response to physiological or pathological stimuli. Histone Deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have been used in the treatment of various cancers1, are ef-fective in several animal models of neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral scle-rosis (ALS), and are currently in clinical trial to promote muscle repair in muscular dystrophies2. However, long-term use of pan-HDAC inhibitors is not tolerated3. The assignment of distinct biologi-cal functions to individual HDACs in skeletal muscle is a prerequisite to improve the efficacy of pharmacological treatments based on HDACi. HDAC4 is a member of class II HDACs that mediates many cellular responses. Clinical reports suggest that inhibition of HDAC4 can be beneficial to cancer cachexia, dystrophic or ALS patients. All the above conditions are characterized by progressive mus-cle wasting and up-regulation of HDAC4 expression in skeletal muscle, suggesting a potential role for this protein in regulating these diseases. To study the role of HDAC4 with a genetic approach, we generated several models of muscle disease in mice lacking HDAC4 in skeletal muscle: cancer ca-chexia, by implanting Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC), muscular dystrophy, by using mdx mice, or ALS, by using SODG93A mice. Lack of HDAC4 worsens skeletal muscle atrophy induced by both LLC and ALS, demonstrated by a reduction in muscle mass and myofibers size. Conversely, dystrophic mice lacking HDAC4 in skeletal muscle show an increased number of necrotic myofibers and run less efficiently than mdx mice. The aggravation of the dystrophic phenotype may be partially due to the impairment in skeletal muscle regeneration observed in mice lacking HDAC4 in skeletal muscle. Our results indi-cate that HDAC4 is necessary for maintaining skeletal muscle homeostasis and function. Current studies aim to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of HDAC4 in skeletal mus-cle maintenance in response to cancer cachexia, ALS or muscular dystrophy.

Histone deacetylase 4 is crucial for proper skeletal muscle development and disease / Marroncelli, Nicoletta; Pigna, Eva; C., Noviello; S., Di Francescantonio; E., Greco; Coletti, Dario; Adamo, Sergio; Moresi, Viviana. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY. - ISSN 2038-5129. - STAMPA. - 120(2015), pp. 150-150. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 69° Congresso Nazionale SIAI Società Italiana di Anatomia e Istologia tenutosi a Ferrara nel 17-19/09/2015 [10.13128/IJAE-17022].

Histone deacetylase 4 is crucial for proper skeletal muscle development and disease

MARRONCELLI, NICOLETTA;PIGNA, EVA;COLETTI, Dario;ADAMO, Sergio;MORESI, Viviana
2015

Abstract

Epigenetics plays a pivotal role in modulating gene response to physiological or pathological stimuli. Histone Deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi) have been used in the treatment of various cancers1, are ef-fective in several animal models of neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral scle-rosis (ALS), and are currently in clinical trial to promote muscle repair in muscular dystrophies2. However, long-term use of pan-HDAC inhibitors is not tolerated3. The assignment of distinct biologi-cal functions to individual HDACs in skeletal muscle is a prerequisite to improve the efficacy of pharmacological treatments based on HDACi. HDAC4 is a member of class II HDACs that mediates many cellular responses. Clinical reports suggest that inhibition of HDAC4 can be beneficial to cancer cachexia, dystrophic or ALS patients. All the above conditions are characterized by progressive mus-cle wasting and up-regulation of HDAC4 expression in skeletal muscle, suggesting a potential role for this protein in regulating these diseases. To study the role of HDAC4 with a genetic approach, we generated several models of muscle disease in mice lacking HDAC4 in skeletal muscle: cancer ca-chexia, by implanting Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC), muscular dystrophy, by using mdx mice, or ALS, by using SODG93A mice. Lack of HDAC4 worsens skeletal muscle atrophy induced by both LLC and ALS, demonstrated by a reduction in muscle mass and myofibers size. Conversely, dystrophic mice lacking HDAC4 in skeletal muscle show an increased number of necrotic myofibers and run less efficiently than mdx mice. The aggravation of the dystrophic phenotype may be partially due to the impairment in skeletal muscle regeneration observed in mice lacking HDAC4 in skeletal muscle. Our results indi-cate that HDAC4 is necessary for maintaining skeletal muscle homeostasis and function. Current studies aim to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of HDAC4 in skeletal mus-cle maintenance in response to cancer cachexia, ALS or muscular dystrophy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/782985
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