Degradation of pectin, a major component of plant cell wall, is important for fungal necrotrophs to achieve a successful infection. The activities of pectin methylesterases (PMEs) from both plants and pathogens and the degree and pattern of pectin methylesterification are critical for the outcome of plant–pathogen interaction. Partial degradation of pectin by pectin degrading enzymes releases oligogalacturonides (OGs), elicitors of plant defense responses. Few analytical techniques are available to monitor pectin methylesterification-modulating machineries and OGs produced during plant pathogen interaction. In the present study, ruthenium red is presented as useful dye to monitor both Botrytis cinerea mycelium growth and the induction of PME activity in plant tissue during fungal infection. Moreover a simple, inexpensive and sensitive method, named PECTOPLATE, is proposed that allows a simultaneous phenotyping of PME and pectinase activities expressed during pathogen infection and of pectinase potential in generating OGs. The results in the manuscript also indicate that PME inhibitors can be used in PECTOPLATE as a tool to discriminate the activities of plant PMEs from those of pathogen PMEs expressed during pathogenesis.

PECTOPLATE: the simultaneous phenotyping of pectin methylesterases, pectinases and oligogalacturonides in plants during biotic stresses / Lionetti, Vincenzo. - In: FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE. - ISSN 1664-462X. - 6:(2015). [10.3389/fpls.2015.00331]

PECTOPLATE: the simultaneous phenotyping of pectin methylesterases, pectinases and oligogalacturonides in plants during biotic stresses

LIONETTI, VINCENZO
2015

Abstract

Degradation of pectin, a major component of plant cell wall, is important for fungal necrotrophs to achieve a successful infection. The activities of pectin methylesterases (PMEs) from both plants and pathogens and the degree and pattern of pectin methylesterification are critical for the outcome of plant–pathogen interaction. Partial degradation of pectin by pectin degrading enzymes releases oligogalacturonides (OGs), elicitors of plant defense responses. Few analytical techniques are available to monitor pectin methylesterification-modulating machineries and OGs produced during plant pathogen interaction. In the present study, ruthenium red is presented as useful dye to monitor both Botrytis cinerea mycelium growth and the induction of PME activity in plant tissue during fungal infection. Moreover a simple, inexpensive and sensitive method, named PECTOPLATE, is proposed that allows a simultaneous phenotyping of PME and pectinase activities expressed during pathogen infection and of pectinase potential in generating OGs. The results in the manuscript also indicate that PME inhibitors can be used in PECTOPLATE as a tool to discriminate the activities of plant PMEs from those of pathogen PMEs expressed during pathogenesis.
2015
pectin methylesterase; pectin methylesterase inhibitor; pectinase; Botrytis; oligogalacturonides; PECTOPLATE; Arabidopsis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
PECTOPLATE: the simultaneous phenotyping of pectin methylesterases, pectinases and oligogalacturonides in plants during biotic stresses / Lionetti, Vincenzo. - In: FRONTIERS IN PLANT SCIENCE. - ISSN 1664-462X. - 6:(2015). [10.3389/fpls.2015.00331]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/782771
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