Cobalt nanoparticles were synthesized by pulsed electrodeposition on copper substrate. Scanning electron microscopy and image analysis were used to determine morphology and particle size distribution of nanoparticle populations obtained in different operating conditions. After preliminary tests, ton and toff were set at 50 and 300ms respectively to obtain distinct nanoparticles and avoid dendritic structures. Experimental tests were performed according to two partially superimposed factorial designs with two factors at two levels. First factorial design investigated the effect of current density (I = 10 and 50mA/cm2) and discharged cobalt (Q = 2.5*10^3 and 1.0*10^2C); second factorial design investigated the effect of cobalt concentration (C0 = 0.01 and 0.1M) for the same two levels of Q. For optimized value of ton/toff, square and hexagonal shaped nanoparticles were obtained. Statistical analysis evidenced that, for C0 = 0.1 mol/L, current density is the most influencing factor on mean size: increasing I from 10 to 50mA/cm2 determined a diminution of mean size of 240 nm. For the same cobalt concentration, increasing the deposition time (Q) determined an increase of mean size of 60 nm. Diminishing the initial cobalt concentration from 0.1 to 0.01 mol/L determined an increase of mean size from 10nm to 36 nm. For C0 = 0.01 mol/L nanoparticles grow reaching an optimal size (36 nm) and then, increasing the time of deposition, optimal sized subunits tend to aggregate. As for polydispersity of nanoparticles, statistical tests denoted that increasing I determined significant reduction of variance, while increasing the time of deposition determined a significant increase of variance.

Pulsed electrodeposition of cobalt nanoparticles on copper: influence of the operating parameters on size distribution and morphology / Pagnanelli, Francesca; Altimari, Pietro; Bellagamba, M.; Granata, Giuseppe; Moscardini, Emanuela; Schiavi, PIER GIORGIO; Toro, Luigi. - In: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0013-4686. - STAMPA. - 155:(2014), pp. 228-235. [10.1016/j.electacta.2014.12.112]

Pulsed electrodeposition of cobalt nanoparticles on copper: influence of the operating parameters on size distribution and morphology

PAGNANELLI, Francesca;ALTIMARI, PIETRO;GRANATA, GIUSEPPE;MOSCARDINI, Emanuela;SCHIAVI, PIER GIORGIO;TORO, Luigi
2014

Abstract

Cobalt nanoparticles were synthesized by pulsed electrodeposition on copper substrate. Scanning electron microscopy and image analysis were used to determine morphology and particle size distribution of nanoparticle populations obtained in different operating conditions. After preliminary tests, ton and toff were set at 50 and 300ms respectively to obtain distinct nanoparticles and avoid dendritic structures. Experimental tests were performed according to two partially superimposed factorial designs with two factors at two levels. First factorial design investigated the effect of current density (I = 10 and 50mA/cm2) and discharged cobalt (Q = 2.5*10^3 and 1.0*10^2C); second factorial design investigated the effect of cobalt concentration (C0 = 0.01 and 0.1M) for the same two levels of Q. For optimized value of ton/toff, square and hexagonal shaped nanoparticles were obtained. Statistical analysis evidenced that, for C0 = 0.1 mol/L, current density is the most influencing factor on mean size: increasing I from 10 to 50mA/cm2 determined a diminution of mean size of 240 nm. For the same cobalt concentration, increasing the deposition time (Q) determined an increase of mean size of 60 nm. Diminishing the initial cobalt concentration from 0.1 to 0.01 mol/L determined an increase of mean size from 10nm to 36 nm. For C0 = 0.01 mol/L nanoparticles grow reaching an optimal size (36 nm) and then, increasing the time of deposition, optimal sized subunits tend to aggregate. As for polydispersity of nanoparticles, statistical tests denoted that increasing I determined significant reduction of variance, while increasing the time of deposition determined a significant increase of variance.
2014
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Pulsed electrodeposition of cobalt nanoparticles on copper: influence of the operating parameters on size distribution and morphology / Pagnanelli, Francesca; Altimari, Pietro; Bellagamba, M.; Granata, Giuseppe; Moscardini, Emanuela; Schiavi, PIER GIORGIO; Toro, Luigi. - In: ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA. - ISSN 0013-4686. - STAMPA. - 155:(2014), pp. 228-235. [10.1016/j.electacta.2014.12.112]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/781692
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