We demonstrate tunable electro-optic guiding, shaping, and switching of beams in the near infrared spectrum (λ ≃ 980 nm), typical of VCSEL technology, using biomimetic 3D funnel waveguides miniaturized into a sample of potassium–lithium–tantalate–niobate. The switchable waveguides are written using the slow photorefractive build-up of a 3D volume space-charge field caused by a diffracting continuous wave low intensity λ = 532 nm beam, and electro-optic functionality is supported by the quadratic electro-optic effect of the high-symmetry paraelectric phase.
|Titolo:||Miniaturized electro-optic infrared beammanipulator based on 3D photorefractive funnels|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|