Scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray spectroscopy measurements are combined to first-principles simulations to investigate the formation of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) on Au(110), as based on the surface-mediated reaction of 10,10′-dibromo-9,9′-bianthracene (DBBA) molecules. At variance with Au(111), two different pathways are identified for the GNR self-assembly on Au(110), as controlled by both the adsorption temperature and the surface coverage of the DBBA molecular precursors. Room-temperature DBBA deposition on Au(110) leads to the same reaction steps obtained on Au(111), even though with lower activation temperatures. For DBBA deposition at 470 K, the cyclodehydrogenation of the precursors preceds their polymerization, and the GNR formation is fostered by increasing the surface coverage. While the initial stages of the reaction are found to crucially determine the final configuration and orientation of the GNRs, the molecular diffusion is found to limit in both cases the formation of high-density long-range ordered GNRs. Overall, the direct comparison between the Au(110) and Au(111) surfaces unveils the delicate interplay among the different factors driving the growth of GNRs.

Surface-assisted reactions toward formation of graphene nanoribbons on Au(110) surface / Massimi, Lorenzo; Ourdjini, Oualid; Leif, Lafferentz; Matthias, Koch; Leonhard, Grill; Emanuele, Cavaliere; Luca, Gavioli; Claudia, Cardoso; Deborah, Prezzi; Elisa, Molinari; Andrea, Ferretti; Mariani, Carlo; Betti, Maria Grazia. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C. - ISSN 1932-7447. - (2015), pp. 2427-2437. [10.1021/jp509415r]

Surface-assisted reactions toward formation of graphene nanoribbons on Au(110) surface

MASSIMI, LORENZO;OURDJINI, OUALID;MARIANI, CARLO;BETTI, Maria Grazia
2015

Abstract

Scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray spectroscopy measurements are combined to first-principles simulations to investigate the formation of graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) on Au(110), as based on the surface-mediated reaction of 10,10′-dibromo-9,9′-bianthracene (DBBA) molecules. At variance with Au(111), two different pathways are identified for the GNR self-assembly on Au(110), as controlled by both the adsorption temperature and the surface coverage of the DBBA molecular precursors. Room-temperature DBBA deposition on Au(110) leads to the same reaction steps obtained on Au(111), even though with lower activation temperatures. For DBBA deposition at 470 K, the cyclodehydrogenation of the precursors preceds their polymerization, and the GNR formation is fostered by increasing the surface coverage. While the initial stages of the reaction are found to crucially determine the final configuration and orientation of the GNRs, the molecular diffusion is found to limit in both cases the formation of high-density long-range ordered GNRs. Overall, the direct comparison between the Au(110) and Au(111) surfaces unveils the delicate interplay among the different factors driving the growth of GNRs.
2015
Graphene; nanoribbon; surface; STM; photoemission
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Surface-assisted reactions toward formation of graphene nanoribbons on Au(110) surface / Massimi, Lorenzo; Ourdjini, Oualid; Leif, Lafferentz; Matthias, Koch; Leonhard, Grill; Emanuele, Cavaliere; Luca, Gavioli; Claudia, Cardoso; Deborah, Prezzi; Elisa, Molinari; Andrea, Ferretti; Mariani, Carlo; Betti, Maria Grazia. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. C. - ISSN 1932-7447. - (2015), pp. 2427-2437. [10.1021/jp509415r]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/781603
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