With the growing interest in biotechnological applications of gold nanoparticles and their effects exerted on the body, the possible toxicity is becoming an increasingly important issue. Numerous investigations carried out, in the last few years, under different experimental conditions, following different protocols, have produced in part conflicting results which have leaded to different views about the effective gold nanoparticle safety in human applications. This work is intended to provide an overview on the most recent experimental results in order to summarize the current state-of-the-art. However, rather than to present a comprehensive review of the available literature in this field, that, among other things, is really huge, we have selected some representative examples of both in vivo and in vitro investigations, with the aim of offering a scenario from which clearly emerges the need of an urgent and impelling standardization of the experimental protocols. To date, despite the great potential, the safety of gold nanoparticles is highly controversial and important concerns have been raised with the need to be properly addressed. Factors such as shape, size, surface charge, surface coating and surface functionalization are expected to influence interactions with biological systems at different extents, with different outcomes, as far as gold nanoparticle potentiality in biomedical applications is concerned. Moreover, despite the continuous attempt to establish a correlation between structure and interactions with biological systems, we are still far from assessing the toxicological profile of gold nanoparticles in an unquestionable manner. This review is intended to provide a contribution in this direction, offering some suggestions in order to reach the systematization of data over the most relevant physico-chemical parameters, which govern and control toxicity, at different cellular and organismal levels.
|Titolo:||How toxic are gold nanoparticles? The state-of-the-art.|
FRATODDI, Ilaria (Corresponding author)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Citazione:||How toxic are gold nanoparticles? The state-of-the-art. / Fratoddi, Ilaria; Venditti, Iole; Cametti, Cesare; Russo, Maria Vittoria. - In: NANO RESEARCH. - ISSN 1998-0124. - STAMPA. - 8:6(2015), pp. 1771-1799.|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|