Objective. To report on the incidence and factors associated with the development of perioperative neurological complications following CEA in patients affected by carotid stenosis with contralateral occlusion (CO) and to compare results between those patients and thewhole group of patients submitted to CEA at our vascular division from1997 to 2012. Methods.Our nonrandomized prospective experience including 1639 patients consecutively submitted to CEA was retrospectively reviewed. 136 patients presented a CO contralateral to the treated carotid stenosis. Outcomes considered for analysis were perioperative neurological death rates, major andminor stroke rates, and a combined endpoint of all neurological complications. Results.COpatientsmore frequentlywere male, smokers, younger, and symptomatic (P < 0.001), presentedwith a preoperative brain infarct and associated peripheral arterial disease (P < 0.0001), and presented with higher perioperative major stroke rate than patients without CO (4.4% versus 1.2%, resp., P = 0.009). Factors associated with the highest neurological risk in CO patients were age >74 years and preoperative brain infarct (P = 0.03).The combination of the abovementioned factors significantly increased complication rates in CO patients submitted to CEA. Conclusions. In our experience CO patients were at high risk for postoperative neurological complications particularly when presenting association of advanced age and preoperative brain infarction.

Contralateral occlusion increases the risk of neurological complications associated with carotid endarterectomy / Capoccia, Laura; Sbarigia, Enrico; Rizzo, ANNA RITA; Pranteda, C.; Menna, Danilo; Sirignano, Pasqualino; Mansour, WASSIM AHMAD; Esposito, A.; Speziale, Francesco. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF VASCULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 2090-2824. - ELETTRONICO. - 2015:942146(2015). [10.1155/2015/942146]

Contralateral occlusion increases the risk of neurological complications associated with carotid endarterectomy

CAPOCCIA, LAURA
;
SBARIGIA, Enrico;RIZZO, ANNA RITA;C. Pranteda;MENNA, DANILO;SIRIGNANO, PASQUALINO;MANSOUR, WASSIM AHMAD;SPEZIALE, Francesco
2015

Abstract

Objective. To report on the incidence and factors associated with the development of perioperative neurological complications following CEA in patients affected by carotid stenosis with contralateral occlusion (CO) and to compare results between those patients and thewhole group of patients submitted to CEA at our vascular division from1997 to 2012. Methods.Our nonrandomized prospective experience including 1639 patients consecutively submitted to CEA was retrospectively reviewed. 136 patients presented a CO contralateral to the treated carotid stenosis. Outcomes considered for analysis were perioperative neurological death rates, major andminor stroke rates, and a combined endpoint of all neurological complications. Results.COpatientsmore frequentlywere male, smokers, younger, and symptomatic (P < 0.001), presentedwith a preoperative brain infarct and associated peripheral arterial disease (P < 0.0001), and presented with higher perioperative major stroke rate than patients without CO (4.4% versus 1.2%, resp., P = 0.009). Factors associated with the highest neurological risk in CO patients were age >74 years and preoperative brain infarct (P = 0.03).The combination of the abovementioned factors significantly increased complication rates in CO patients submitted to CEA. Conclusions. In our experience CO patients were at high risk for postoperative neurological complications particularly when presenting association of advanced age and preoperative brain infarction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/778386
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