Abstract: Background: Many aspects of the epidemiology of GB virus C/hepatitis G virus (GBV-C) infection have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of GBV-C antibodies and risk factors in different subjects Living in Italy. Materials and Methods: A total of 1,005 sera were tested for the presence of antibodies to the of GBV-C E2 protein using a recently developed enzyme immunoassay, Results: A high prevalence of GBV-C antibodies was found in healthy blood donors (12.6%), Hemodialysis patients and drug users showed higher rates of GBV-C seropositivity (22% and 39%, respectively). Immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia had anti-GBV-C prevalence comparable to that found in Italian blood donors, whereas higher and Lower rates were detected in immigrants from Latin America and the Caribbean (19.5%) and from Mediterranean Africa (5.6%), Conclusion: GBV-C infections are widespread in the general population in Italy and particularly common in risk groups. The different prevalence of GBV-C antibodies detected in third world immigrants is Likely to reflect the prevalence in the countries of origin, However, the observation that the Length of residency in Italy is a significant risk factor may suggest that at Least some GBV-C infections are contracted in Italy.
|Titolo:||Antibodies to the E2 protein of GB virus C hepatitis G virus: Prevalence and risk factors in different populations in Italy|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2001|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|