Categories such as public space , citizenship and identity are based , in their complexity, on the question of the constitution of the subject, in fact the problem of defining the content and structure of subjectivity is the horizon within which they move into the above categories and which must be included. My contribution wants to analyze briefly this issue , identifying a common background to the various conceptions of the subject acting as an epistemological horizon , where the idea of the subject corresponds to a foundation of the contents of the existence of a practice that states it procedurally . In addition, we want to discuss how this way of working doesn’t exhaust the question of the foundation of subjectivity by the practical activity, but it raises delicate questions about the original nature of the subjective condition and its value . I would like to take this path by analyzing especially the first phase of Foucault's thought , where the construction of the subject is conceived in relation to an original root now placed beyond the horizon of understanding of the subject and the social structures and Honneth’s theory of recognition, where intersubjectivity pushes the subject to overtake the practical and functional relationship with the object and distinguish the inner value of subjectivity itself.
The action as concept of existence. Subjectivity between praxis and public space / Tibursi, Francesco. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RESEARCH ON EDUCATION. - ISSN 2147-6284. - 2:Special Issue n°6(2014).