Thyroglobulin (Tg) is a key marker in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Diagnostic accuracy of serum Tg is higher after TSH stimulation than during thyroxine treatment. However, some studies suggest that TSH stimulation could be not necessary in a large part of patients, if Tg is measured by high sensitive assay under replacement therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the need of Tg stimulation test in DTC followed-up by sensitive Tg assay. In a prospective multicenter explorative study, 68 low or high risk patients underwent Tg measurement on thyroxine (ON-LT4-Tg) and after LT4 withdrawal (OFF-LT4-Tg). Undetectable ON-LT4-Tg and OFF-LT4-Tg values (i. e.,<0.15 ng/ml) were found in 56/68 patients, all with negative imaging workup. Twelve subjects had skewed OFF-LT4-Tg: 8 cases had increased ON-LT4-Tg and local recurrence (n=6), distant metastasis (n=1), or benign thyroglossal duct (n=1); the remaining 4 patients had undetectable ON-T4-Tg but detectable OFF-LT4-Tg and neck metastasis was recorded in one of these. By ROC analysis, the most accurate cutoff for ON-LT4-Tg and OFF-LT4-Tg were set at 0.23 ng/ml and 0.70 ng/ml, respectively. A positive ON-LT4-Tg value accurately predicts a positive stimulation test and confers an Odds Ratio of 464 (95% CI from 26.3 to 8 173.2, p<0.0001) to have persistent/recurrent disease. This study shows that DTC patients with ON-LT4-Tg below 0.23 ng/ml by our high sensitive assay should be considered disease free and they can avoid Tg stimulation test. High sensitive Tg assays should be used to better manage DTC patients

High sensitive thyroglobulin assay on thyroxine therapy: can it avoid stimulation test in low and high risk differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients? / Trimboli, P; La Torre, D; Ceriani, L; Condorelli, E; Laurenti, O; Romanelli, Francesco; Ventura, C; Signore, Alberto; Valabrega, Stefano; Giovanella, L.. - In: HORMONE AND METABOLIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0018-5043. - STAMPA. - 45(2013), pp. 664-668. [10.1055/s-0033-1345185]

High sensitive thyroglobulin assay on thyroxine therapy: can it avoid stimulation test in low and high risk differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients?

ROMANELLI, Francesco;SIGNORE, Alberto;VALABREGA, Stefano;
2013

Abstract

Thyroglobulin (Tg) is a key marker in the follow-up of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Diagnostic accuracy of serum Tg is higher after TSH stimulation than during thyroxine treatment. However, some studies suggest that TSH stimulation could be not necessary in a large part of patients, if Tg is measured by high sensitive assay under replacement therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the need of Tg stimulation test in DTC followed-up by sensitive Tg assay. In a prospective multicenter explorative study, 68 low or high risk patients underwent Tg measurement on thyroxine (ON-LT4-Tg) and after LT4 withdrawal (OFF-LT4-Tg). Undetectable ON-LT4-Tg and OFF-LT4-Tg values (i. e.,<0.15 ng/ml) were found in 56/68 patients, all with negative imaging workup. Twelve subjects had skewed OFF-LT4-Tg: 8 cases had increased ON-LT4-Tg and local recurrence (n=6), distant metastasis (n=1), or benign thyroglossal duct (n=1); the remaining 4 patients had undetectable ON-T4-Tg but detectable OFF-LT4-Tg and neck metastasis was recorded in one of these. By ROC analysis, the most accurate cutoff for ON-LT4-Tg and OFF-LT4-Tg were set at 0.23 ng/ml and 0.70 ng/ml, respectively. A positive ON-LT4-Tg value accurately predicts a positive stimulation test and confers an Odds Ratio of 464 (95% CI from 26.3 to 8 173.2, p<0.0001) to have persistent/recurrent disease. This study shows that DTC patients with ON-LT4-Tg below 0.23 ng/ml by our high sensitive assay should be considered disease free and they can avoid Tg stimulation test. High sensitive Tg assays should be used to better manage DTC patients
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/727090
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