Geochemical characteristics were systematically determined for Early Cretaceous samples of carbonatitic rocks from Eastern Paraguay (Rio Apa, Amambay and Central Provinces). The data show that all the occurrences have an enriched isotopic signature and that the carbonatites have negligible or absent crustal signature. A petrogenetic model (parent liquids, fractional crystallization, hydrothermal interactions and weathering) is proposed as a function of incompatible trace element, stable (O-C) and radiogenic (Sr-Nd) isotope variations with the aim to test the significance of carbonatitic complexes as a marker of the metasomatized subcontinental lithospheric mantle. The results indicate that the carbonatites and primary carbonates from eastern Paraguay, and those from the north eastern Parana Basin (SE Brazil), were affected by metasomatic events distinct in time and composition.
Carbonatites from Eastern Paraguay and genetic relationships with potassic magmatism: C, O, Sr and Nd isotopes / Castorina, Francesca; P., Censi; P., COMIN CHIARAMONTI; E. M., Piccirillo; A. A., Neto; Gomes, C. B.; TIR de, Almeida; S., Speziale; Toledo, M. C. M.. - In: MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY. - ISSN 0930-0708. - STAMPA. - 61:1-4(1997), pp. 237-260. [10.1007/BF01172487]