A comprehensive volcanological study of the Albano multiple maar (Alban Hills, Italy) using (i) Ar-40/Ar-39 geochronology of the most complete stratigraphic section and other proximal and distal outcrops and (ii) petrographic observations, phase analyses of major and trace elements, and Sr and O isotopic analyses of the pyroclastic deposits shows that volcanic activity at Albano was strongly discontinuous, with a first eruptive cycle at 69 +/- 1 ka producing at least two eruptions, and a second cycle with two peaks at 39 +/- 1 and 36 +/- 1 ka producing at least four eruptions. Contrary to previous studies, we did not find evidence of magmatic or hydromagmatic eruptions younger than 36 +/- 1 ka. The activity of Albano was fed by a new batch of primary magma compositionally different from that of the older activity of the Alban Hills; moreover, the REE and Sr-87/Sr-86 data indicate that the Albano magma originated from an enriched metasomatized mantle. According to the modeled liquid line of descent, this magma differentiated under the influence of magma/limestone wall rock interaction. Our detailed eruptive and petrologic reconstruction of the Albano Maar evolution substantiates the dormant state of the Alban Hills Volcanic District.
Eruptive history and petrologic evolution of the Albano multiple maar (Alban Hills, Central Italy) / Freda, C; Gaeta, Mario; KARNER D., B; Marra, F; RENNE P., R; Taddeucci, J; Scarlato, P; CHRISTENSEN J., N; Dallai, L.. - In: BULLETIN OF VOLCANOLOGY. - ISSN 0258-8900. - 68:(2006), pp. 567-591. [10.1007/s00445-005-0033-6]