The strong comorbidity between metabolic diseases and severe psychiatric disorders, although object of extensive scientific literature in recent years, is still a challenge for researchers, in order to clarify the pathogenic mechanisms that underlie this relationship, and for clinicians, in order to optimize strategies for prevention and early interventions. Particular attention is linked to insulin resistance, which can represent a primum movens able to adversely affect the course of the dysmetabolic and psychiatric frameworks. Through extensive review of the scientific literature on PubMed, we analyze the latest scientific findings about the bidirectional nature of this comorbidity. Our aim is also to identify an instrument applicable on a large scale in psychiatric populations, able to quickly recognize the insulin resistance. In particular, the HOMA (Homeostasis Model Assessment) index for its features of high specificity, sensitivity, low-cost and easy execution of the method, can be a useful tool, predictive and diagnostic at the same time, which can significantly improve the quality of life and the course of disease for these patients.
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|Titolo:||The bidirectional relationship between insulin resistance and psychiatric disorders: considerations for using HOMA-IR index.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|