The Early Cretaceous (138-130 Ma) carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Angola belong to the Parana-Angola-Etendeka Province and occur as ring complexes and other central-type intrusions along northeast trending tectonic lineaments, parallel to the trend of coeval Namibian alkaline complexes. Most of the Angolan carbonatite-alkaline bodies are located along the apical part of the Mocamedes Arch, a structure representing the African counterpart of the Ponta Grossa Arch in southern Brazil, where several alkaline-carbonatite complexes were also emplaced in the Early Cretaceous. Geochemical and isotopic (C, O, Sr and Nd) characteristics determined for five carbonatitic occurrences indicate that: (1) the overall geochemical composition, including the O-C isotopes, is within the range of the Early and Late Cretaceous Brazilian occurrences from the Parana Basin; (2) the La versus La/Yb relationships are consistent with the exsolution of CO2-rich melts from trachyphonolitic magmas; and (3) the 143Nd/144Nd and 87Sr/86Sr initial ratios are similar to the initial isotopic ratios (129 Ma) of alkaline complexes in northwest Namibia. In contrast, the Lupongola carbonatites have a distinctly different 143Nd/144Nd initial ratio, suggesting a different source. The Angolan carbonatites have Sr-Nd isotopic compositions ranging from bulk earth to time-integrated depleted sources. Since those from eastern Paraguay (at the western fringe of the Parana-Angola-Etendeka Province) and Brazil appear to be related to mantle-derived melts with time-integrated enriched or B.E. isotopic characteristics, it is concluded that the carbonatites of the Parana-Angola-Etendeka Province have compositionally distinct mantle sources. Such mantle heterogeneity is attributed to 'metasomatic processes', which would have occurred at ca 0.6-0.7 Ga (Angola, northwest Namibia and Brazil) and ca 1.8 Ga (eastern Paraguay), as suggested by Nd-model ages. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Limited. All rights reserved.
Geochemical characteristics of Cretaceous carbonatites from Angola / A., Alberti; Castorina, Francesca; P., Censi; P., Comin Chiaramonti; C. B., Gomes. - In: JOURNAL OF AFRICAN EARTH SCIENCES. - ISSN 1464-343X. - STAMPA. - 29:4(1999), pp. 735-759.
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|Titolo:||Geochemical characteristics of Cretaceous carbonatites from Angola|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Citazione:||Geochemical characteristics of Cretaceous carbonatites from Angola / A., Alberti; Castorina, Francesca; P., Censi; P., Comin Chiaramonti; C. B., Gomes. - In: JOURNAL OF AFRICAN EARTH SCIENCES. - ISSN 1464-343X. - STAMPA. - 29:4(1999), pp. 735-759.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|