The National Environmental Remediation programme in Italy includes sites with documented contamination and associated potential health impacts (National PriorityContaminated Sites—NPCSs). SENTIERI Project, an extensive investigation ofmortality in 44 NPCSs, considered the area of Taranto, a NPCS where a number of polluting sources are present. Health indicators available at municipality level were analyzed, that is, mortality (2003–2009), mortality time trend (1980–2008), and cancer incidence (2006- 2007). In addition, the cohort of individuals living in the area was followed up to evaluate mortality (1998–2008) and morbidity (1998–2010) by district of residence. The results of the study consistently showed excess risks for a number of causes of death in both genders, among them: all causes, all cancers, lung cancer, and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, both acute and chronic. An increased infant mortality was also observed from the time trends analysis. Mortality/morbidity excesses were detected in residents living in districts near the industrial area, for several disorders including cancer, cardiovascular, and respiratory diseases. These coherent findings from different epidemiological approaches corroborate the need to promptly proceed with environmental cleanup interventions.Most diseases showing an increase in Taranto NPCS have a multifactorial etiology, and preventive measures of proven efficacy (e.g., smoking cessation and cardiovascular risk reduction programs, breast cancer screening) should be planned. The study results and public health actions are to be communicated objectively and transparently so that a climate of confidence and trust between citizens and public institutions is maintained.

Environment and health in contaminated sites: the case of Taranto, Italy / Pirastu, Roberta; Comba, P; Iavarone, I; Zona, A; Conti, S; Minelli, G; Manno, V; Mincuzzi, A; Minerba, S; Forastiere, F; Mataloni, F; Biggeri, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1687-9805. - 2013:(2013), pp. 20 pagine-20 pagine. [10.1155/2013/753719]

Environment and health in contaminated sites: the case of Taranto, Italy.

PIRASTU, Roberta;
2013

Abstract

The National Environmental Remediation programme in Italy includes sites with documented contamination and associated potential health impacts (National PriorityContaminated Sites—NPCSs). SENTIERI Project, an extensive investigation ofmortality in 44 NPCSs, considered the area of Taranto, a NPCS where a number of polluting sources are present. Health indicators available at municipality level were analyzed, that is, mortality (2003–2009), mortality time trend (1980–2008), and cancer incidence (2006- 2007). In addition, the cohort of individuals living in the area was followed up to evaluate mortality (1998–2008) and morbidity (1998–2010) by district of residence. The results of the study consistently showed excess risks for a number of causes of death in both genders, among them: all causes, all cancers, lung cancer, and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, both acute and chronic. An increased infant mortality was also observed from the time trends analysis. Mortality/morbidity excesses were detected in residents living in districts near the industrial area, for several disorders including cancer, cardiovascular, and respiratory diseases. These coherent findings from different epidemiological approaches corroborate the need to promptly proceed with environmental cleanup interventions.Most diseases showing an increase in Taranto NPCS have a multifactorial etiology, and preventive measures of proven efficacy (e.g., smoking cessation and cardiovascular risk reduction programs, breast cancer screening) should be planned. The study results and public health actions are to be communicated objectively and transparently so that a climate of confidence and trust between citizens and public institutions is maintained.
contaminated site; health impact
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Environment and health in contaminated sites: the case of Taranto, Italy / Pirastu, Roberta; Comba, P; Iavarone, I; Zona, A; Conti, S; Minelli, G; Manno, V; Mincuzzi, A; Minerba, S; Forastiere, F; Mataloni, F; Biggeri, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1687-9805. - 2013:(2013), pp. 20 pagine-20 pagine. [10.1155/2013/753719]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/659472
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