Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) in children is a disorder of breathing during sleep charac-terized by prolonged partial upper airway obstruction and/or intermittent complete obstruction (ob-structive apnea) that disrupts normal ventilation during sleep and normal sleep patterns. It is associated with symptoms including habitual (nightly) snoring, sleep difficulties, and/or daytime neurobehavioral problems. Nocturnal polysomnography has generally been accepted as the gold standard for the diag-nosis of OSA syndrome but cephalometrics could be an adjunctive procedure for screening anatomical abnormalities in patients with OSAS.A sample of 66 children aged between 4 and 11 years (average age 7±2.6 years) from the “Centre for the Study and Care of Sleep Respiratory Disorders”, were ana-lyzed at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of the University of Rome ”La Sapienza”, in collabora-tion with the Second Pediatric Clinic.The subjects were divided into 3 groups: Group I: 22 OSAS-noMB subjects; Group II : 22 OSAS-MB subjects; Group III: 22 subjects with no breathing disorders (control group). Descriptive statistics for all the cephalometric variables was calculated in the 3 groups. The results of the present study showed that in OSAS groups, with or without mouth breathing, there was a significantly greater obstruction of the nasopharyngeal airway space compared with the control sample.When comparing the OSAS-MB group with the OSAS-noMB group, the sagittal dimensions were significantly smaller in the OSAS-MB subjects only for the lower portion of the nasopharynx (P3 and P4 measurements) while in the upper level (P1 and P2) there were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups. This obstruction was mainly caused by an increase in the thickness of the adenoid tissue.

Cephalometric evaluation of the nasopharyngeal airway space in pediatric patients suffering from respiratory disorders / Ladniak, Barbara; Pepe, F; Petrazzuoli, N; Brugnoletti, Orlando; Salucci, A; D'Errico, A; Polimeni, Antonella. - In: SENSES & SCIENCES. - ISSN 2284-2489. - 1(4):(2014), pp. 133-136. [10.4103/0970-0358.146589]

Cephalometric evaluation of the nasopharyngeal airway space in pediatric patients suffering from respiratory disorders.

LADNIAK, BARBARA;BRUGNOLETTI, Orlando;Salucci, A;POLIMENI, Antonella
2014

Abstract

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) in children is a disorder of breathing during sleep charac-terized by prolonged partial upper airway obstruction and/or intermittent complete obstruction (ob-structive apnea) that disrupts normal ventilation during sleep and normal sleep patterns. It is associated with symptoms including habitual (nightly) snoring, sleep difficulties, and/or daytime neurobehavioral problems. Nocturnal polysomnography has generally been accepted as the gold standard for the diag-nosis of OSA syndrome but cephalometrics could be an adjunctive procedure for screening anatomical abnormalities in patients with OSAS.A sample of 66 children aged between 4 and 11 years (average age 7±2.6 years) from the “Centre for the Study and Care of Sleep Respiratory Disorders”, were ana-lyzed at the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of the University of Rome ”La Sapienza”, in collabora-tion with the Second Pediatric Clinic.The subjects were divided into 3 groups: Group I: 22 OSAS-noMB subjects; Group II : 22 OSAS-MB subjects; Group III: 22 subjects with no breathing disorders (control group). Descriptive statistics for all the cephalometric variables was calculated in the 3 groups. The results of the present study showed that in OSAS groups, with or without mouth breathing, there was a significantly greater obstruction of the nasopharyngeal airway space compared with the control sample.When comparing the OSAS-MB group with the OSAS-noMB group, the sagittal dimensions were significantly smaller in the OSAS-MB subjects only for the lower portion of the nasopharynx (P3 and P4 measurements) while in the upper level (P1 and P2) there were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups. This obstruction was mainly caused by an increase in the thickness of the adenoid tissue.
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Cephalometric evaluation of the nasopharyngeal airway space in pediatric patients suffering from respiratory disorders / Ladniak, Barbara; Pepe, F; Petrazzuoli, N; Brugnoletti, Orlando; Salucci, A; D'Errico, A; Polimeni, Antonella. - In: SENSES & SCIENCES. - ISSN 2284-2489. - 1(4):(2014), pp. 133-136. [10.4103/0970-0358.146589]
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/656019
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact