A photonic process called quantum-state joining has been recently experimentally demonstrated [Vitelli et al., Nat. Photonics 7, 521 (2013)] that corresponds to the transfer of the internal two-dimensional quantum states of two input photons, i.e., two photonic qubits, into the four-dimensional quantum state of a single photon, i.e., a photonic ququart. A scheme for the inverse process, namely, quantum state splitting, has also been proposed. Both processes can be iterated in a cascaded layout, to obtain the joining and/or splitting of more than two qubits, thus leading to a general scheme for varying the number of photons in the system while preserving its total quantum state, or quantum information content. Here, we revisit these processes from a theoretical point of view. After casting the theory of the joining and splitting processes in the more general occupation number notation, we introduce some modified schemes that are in principle unitary [not considering the implementation of the controlled-NOT (CNOT) gates] and do not require projection and feed-forward steps. This can be particularly important in the quantum state splitting case, to obtain a scheme that does not rely on postselection. Moreover, we formally prove that the quantum joining of two photon states with linear optics requires the use of at least one ancilla photon. This is somewhat unexpected, given that the demonstrated joining scheme involves the sequential application of two CNOT quantum gates, for which a linear optical scheme with just two photons and postselection is known to exist. Finally we explore the relationship between the joining scheme and the generation of clusters of multiparticle entangled states involving more than one qubit per particle.
Joining and splitting the quantum states of photons / Elsa, Passaro; Vitelli, Chiara; Spagnolo, Nicolo'; Sciarrino, Fabio; Enrico, Santamato; Lorenzo, Marrucci. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A. - ISSN 1050-2947. - STAMPA. - 88:6(2013). [10.1103/physreva.88.062321]
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|Titolo:||Joining and splitting the quantum states of photons|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Citazione:||Joining and splitting the quantum states of photons / Elsa, Passaro; Vitelli, Chiara; Spagnolo, Nicolo'; Sciarrino, Fabio; Enrico, Santamato; Lorenzo, Marrucci. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A. - ISSN 1050-2947. - STAMPA. - 88:6(2013). [10.1103/physreva.88.062321]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|