Purpose Managing a chronic disease may be a difficult task which may lead patients to experience psychological distress and depression. Some studies showed that, in ARM patients, fecal incontinence (FI) is related to symptoms of depression while others studies did not. No studies investigated this relationship in adults. Since fear of having FI episodes, negative feelings associated with these episodes, and difficulties in close and sexual relationships are often reported by patients as important consequences of ARM, we were interested in investigating whether these aspects contribute in explaining feelings of depression. Methods Questionnaires were sent to 160 adult members of the Italian Association for Anorectal Malformation. A new scale measuring the fear of having FI episodes, negative feelings associated with these episodes and difficulties in close/sexual relationship was developed. Depressive feelings and FI were also measured. Results Seventy-two adults answered the questionnaires. Regression analyses showed that, in males, depressive feelings were predicted by difficulties in close and sexual relationships (B = 0.46; P < 0.01), while, in females, they were predicted by the fear of having FI episodes (B = 0.53; P < 0.05) and by negative feelings (B = 0.58; P < 0.01). Conclusions Interventions aimed to prevent depression in ARM patients should consider gender and should be targeted on different aspects. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Feelings of depression in people with arm: The role of critical incidents and perceived difficulties in close and sexual relationships / Grano, Caterina; Silvia, Bucci; D., Aminoff; Lucidi, Fabio; Violani, Cristiano. - In: PEDIATRIC SURGERY INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0179-0358. - 30:8(2014), pp. 823-828. [10.1007/s00383-014-3532-8]

Feelings of depression in people with arm: The role of critical incidents and perceived difficulties in close and sexual relationships

GRANO, Caterina;LUCIDI, Fabio;VIOLANI, Cristiano
2014

Abstract

Purpose Managing a chronic disease may be a difficult task which may lead patients to experience psychological distress and depression. Some studies showed that, in ARM patients, fecal incontinence (FI) is related to symptoms of depression while others studies did not. No studies investigated this relationship in adults. Since fear of having FI episodes, negative feelings associated with these episodes, and difficulties in close and sexual relationships are often reported by patients as important consequences of ARM, we were interested in investigating whether these aspects contribute in explaining feelings of depression. Methods Questionnaires were sent to 160 adult members of the Italian Association for Anorectal Malformation. A new scale measuring the fear of having FI episodes, negative feelings associated with these episodes and difficulties in close/sexual relationship was developed. Depressive feelings and FI were also measured. Results Seventy-two adults answered the questionnaires. Regression analyses showed that, in males, depressive feelings were predicted by difficulties in close and sexual relationships (B = 0.46; P < 0.01), while, in females, they were predicted by the fear of having FI episodes (B = 0.53; P < 0.05) and by negative feelings (B = 0.58; P < 0.01). Conclusions Interventions aimed to prevent depression in ARM patients should consider gender and should be targeted on different aspects. © 2014 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/630130
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact