Transmembrane α-Klotho (TM-Klotho), expressed in renal tubules, is a cofactor for FGF23-receptor. Circulating soluble-α-Klotho (s-Klotho) results from TM-Klotho shedding and acts on Phosphate (P) and Calcium (Ca) tubular transport. Decreased TM-Klotho, described in experimental chronic kidney disease (CKD), prevents actions of FGF23 and lessens circulating s-Klotho. Thus, levels of s-Klotho could represent a marker of CKD-MBD. To evaluate the clinical significance of s-Klotho in CKD we assayed serum s-Klotho and serum FGF23 in 68 patients (age 58 ± 15; eGFR 45 ± 21 mL/min). s-Klotho was lower than normal (519 ± 183 versus 845 ± 330 pg/mL, P < .0001) in renal patients and its reduction was detectable since CKD stage 2 (P < .01). s-Klotho correlated positively with eGFR and serum calcium (Cas) and negatively with serum phosphate (Ps), PTH and FGF23. FGF23 was higher than normal (73 ± 51 versus 36 ± 11, P < .0002) with significantly increased levels since CKD stage 2 (P < .001). Our data indicate a negative effect of renal disease on circulating s-Klotho starting very early in CKD. Assuming that s-Klotho mirrors TM-Klotho synthesis, low circulating s-Klotho seems to reflect the ensuing of tubular resistance to FGF23, which, accordingly, is increased. We endorse s-Klotho as an early marker of CKD-MBD.

Soluble alpha-klotho serum levels in chronic kidney disease (CKD) / Rotondi, Silverio; M., Pasquali; Tartaglione, Lida; Muci, MARIA LUISA; Mandanici, Giusy; Leonangeli, Cristiana; S., Sales; Farcomeni, Alessio; Mazzaferro, Sandro. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 1687-8337. - ELETTRONICO. - 2015:(2015). [10.1155/2015/872193]

Soluble alpha-klotho serum levels in chronic kidney disease (CKD)

ROTONDI, SILVERIO;TARTAGLIONE, LIDA;MUCI, MARIA LUISA;MANDANICI, GIUSY;LEONANGELI, CRISTIANA;FARCOMENI, Alessio;MAZZAFERRO, SANDRO
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

Transmembrane α-Klotho (TM-Klotho), expressed in renal tubules, is a cofactor for FGF23-receptor. Circulating soluble-α-Klotho (s-Klotho) results from TM-Klotho shedding and acts on Phosphate (P) and Calcium (Ca) tubular transport. Decreased TM-Klotho, described in experimental chronic kidney disease (CKD), prevents actions of FGF23 and lessens circulating s-Klotho. Thus, levels of s-Klotho could represent a marker of CKD-MBD. To evaluate the clinical significance of s-Klotho in CKD we assayed serum s-Klotho and serum FGF23 in 68 patients (age 58 ± 15; eGFR 45 ± 21 mL/min). s-Klotho was lower than normal (519 ± 183 versus 845 ± 330 pg/mL, P < .0001) in renal patients and its reduction was detectable since CKD stage 2 (P < .01). s-Klotho correlated positively with eGFR and serum calcium (Cas) and negatively with serum phosphate (Ps), PTH and FGF23. FGF23 was higher than normal (73 ± 51 versus 36 ± 11, P < .0002) with significantly increased levels since CKD stage 2 (P < .001). Our data indicate a negative effect of renal disease on circulating s-Klotho starting very early in CKD. Assuming that s-Klotho mirrors TM-Klotho synthesis, low circulating s-Klotho seems to reflect the ensuing of tubular resistance to FGF23, which, accordingly, is increased. We endorse s-Klotho as an early marker of CKD-MBD.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Rotondi_Soluble_2015.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print (versione successiva alla peer review e accettata per la pubblicazione)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.54 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.54 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/625163
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 30
  • Scopus 60
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 58
social impact