The behavior of alkaline earth silicate (AES) wool and of other biosoluble wools in saline solution simulating physiological fluids was compared with that of a traditional wool belonging to synthetic vitreous fibers. Morphological and size changes of fibers were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The elements extracted from fibers were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry. SEM analysis showed a larger reduction of length-weighted geometric mean fiber diameter at 4.5 pH than at 7.4 pH. At the 7.4 pH, AES wool showed a higher dissolution rate and a dissolution time less than a few days. Their dissolution was highly non-congruent with rapid leaching of calcium. Unlike rock wool, glass wool dissolved more rapidly at physiological pH than at acid pH. Dissolution of AES and biosoluble rock wool is accompanied by a noticeable change in morphology while by no change for glass wool. Biosoluble rock wool developed a leached surface with porous honeycomb structure. SEM analysis showed the dissolution for glass wool is mainly due to breakage transverse of fiber at pH 7.4. AES dissolution constant (Kdis) was the highest at pH 7.4, while at pH 4.5 only biosoluble rockwool 1 showed a higher Kdis. © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Dissolution of glass wool, rock wool and alkaline earth silicate wool: Morphological and chemical changes in fibers / Antonella, Campopiano; Annapaola, Cannizzaro; Federica, Angelosanto; Astolfi, Maria Luisa; Deborah, Ramires; Angelo, Olori; Canepari, Silvia; Sergio, Iavicoli. - In: REGULATORY TOXICOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0273-2300. - STAMPA. - 70:1(2014), pp. 393-406. [10.1016/j.yrtph.2014.05.023]