Microvascular obstruction seems to predict poor outcome in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. We analyzed whether serum thromboxane B2, a stable metabolite of thromboxane A2, may be implicated in post-PCI microvascular obstruction. We enrolled 91 patients (74 males, 66±10 years) on chronic low-dose aspirin therapy (aspirin, 100 mg daily) scheduled for elective PCI and randomly assigned to receive aspirin reload (325 mg orally, n=46) or no reload (control group, n=45) ≥1 hour before elective PCI. Serum levels of thromboxane B2, reperfusion indexes (corrected Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction frame count and myocardial blush grade), and serum cardiac troponin I were assessed before and after PCI. Serum thromboxane B2 significantly increased after 120 minutes (P=0.0447) from PCI in control but not in aspirin reload group. After PCI, both groups showed a statistically significant reduction in corrected Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction frame count more evident in aspirin reload group (P=0.0023). Moreover, after PCI, 61% of patients allocated to aspirin reload and only 32% of patients allocated to control group reached normal microcirculatory reperfusion (myocardial blush grade=3); patients with myocardial blush grade=3 exhibited lower values of serum thromboxane B2 compared with those with myocardial blush grade <3 (P=0.05). Periprocedural cardiac troponin I significantly increased (F=3.64; P=0.01334) and correlated with serum thromboxane B2 (ρ=0.31; P=0.0413) in control but not in aspirin reload group. In addition, left ventricular ejection fraction significantly increased after PCI only in the aspirin reload group (P=0.0005). Aspirin loading dose before elective PCI improves myocardial reperfusion and injury indexes, suggesting a possible role of platelet thromboxane A2 in microvascular occlusion. http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01374698. © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.
Aspirin reload before elective percutaneous coronary intervention: Impact on serum thromboxane B<inf>2</inf> and myocardial reperfusion indexes / Basili, Stefania; Tanzilli, Gaetano; Raparelli, Valeria; Calvieri, Camilla; Pignatelli, Pasquale; Carnevale, Roberto; Marcello, Dominici; Placanica, Attilio; Arrivi, Alessio; Farcomeni, Alessio; Barilla', Francesco; Mangieri, Enrico; Violi, Francesco. - In: CIRCULATION. CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS.. - ISSN 1941-7640. - STAMPA. - 7:4(2014), pp. 577-584. [10.1161/circinterventions.113.001197]