The microquasar GRS 1915+105, exhibits a large variety of characteristic states, according to its luminosity, spectral state, and variability. The most interesting one is the so-called ρ-state, whose light curve shows recurrent bursts. This paper presents a model based on Fitzhugh-Nagumo equations containing two variables: x, linked to the source photon emission rate detected by the MECS, and y related to the mean photon energy. We aim at providing a simple mathematical framework composed by non-linear differential equations useful to predict the observed light curve and the energy lags for the ρ-state and possibly other classes of the source. We studied the equilibrium state and the stability conditions of this system that includes one external parameter, J, that can be considered a function of the disk accretion rate. Our work is based on observations performed with the MECS on board BeppoSAX when the source was in ρ and ν mode, respectively. The evolution of the mean count rate and

The microquasar GRS 1915+105, exhibits a large variety of characteristic states, according to its luminosity, spectral state, and variability. The most interesting one is the so-called ρ-state, whose light curve shows recurrent bursts. This paper presents a model based on Fitzhugh-Nagumo equations containing two variables: x, linked to the source photon emission rate detected by the MECS, and y related to the mean photon energy. We aim at providing a simple mathematical framework composed by non-linear differential equations useful to predict the observed light curve and the energy lags for the ρ-state and possibly other classes of the source. We studied the equilibrium state and the stability conditions of this system that includes one external parameter, J, that can be considered a function of the disk accretion rate. Our work is based on observations performed with the MECS on board BeppoSAX when the source was in ρ and ν mode, respectively. The evolution of the mean count rate and photon energy were derived from a study of the trajectories in the count rate-photon energy plane. Assuming J constant, we found a solution that reproduces the x profile of the ρ class bursts and, unexpectedly, we found that y exhibited a time modulation similar to that of the mean energy. Moreover, assuming a slowly modulated J the solutions for x quite similar to those observed in the ν class light curves is reproduced. According these results, the outer mass accretion rate is probably responsible for the state transitions, but within the ρ-class it is constant. This finding makes stronger the heuristic meaning of the non-linear model and suggests a simple relation between the variable x and y. However, how a system of dynamical equations can be derived from the complex mathematical apparatus of accretion disks remains to be furtherly explored. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Non-linear oscillator models for the X-ray bursting of the microquasar GRS 1915+105 / E., Massaro; Ardito, Ada; Ricciardi, Paolo; F., Massa; T., Mineo; A., D'Ai. - In: ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE. - ISSN 0004-640X. - STAMPA. - 352:2(2014), pp. 699-714. [10.1007/s10509-014-1924-9]

### Non-linear oscillator models for the X-ray bursting of the microquasar GRS 1915+105

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*ARDITO, Ada;RICCIARDI, Paolo;*

##### 2014

#### Abstract

The microquasar GRS 1915+105, exhibits a large variety of characteristic states, according to its luminosity, spectral state, and variability. The most interesting one is the so-called ρ-state, whose light curve shows recurrent bursts. This paper presents a model based on Fitzhugh-Nagumo equations containing two variables: x, linked to the source photon emission rate detected by the MECS, and y related to the mean photon energy. We aim at providing a simple mathematical framework composed by non-linear differential equations useful to predict the observed light curve and the energy lags for the ρ-state and possibly other classes of the source. We studied the equilibrium state and the stability conditions of this system that includes one external parameter, J, that can be considered a function of the disk accretion rate. Our work is based on observations performed with the MECS on board BeppoSAX when the source was in ρ and ν mode, respectively. The evolution of the mean count rate andI documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.