The outcome of prosthetic elbow surgery is continually evolving. We thoroughly reviewed the literature on this issue to analyse the indications, outcomes and complications of the numerous types of implants currently in use. Radial head replacement is recommended in comminuted fractures of the radial head and in post-traumatic conditions. Medium- and long-term results prove to be satisfactory in the majority of cases, with no evidence to indicate that some prostheses (monopolar vs. bipolar; cemented vs. press-fit) are more effective than others; nonetheless, the bipolar-cemented implant was found to be associated with a lower revision rate than other prostheses. Unicompartmental arthroplasty has recently been used for the treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis when the lateral compartment is prevalently involved; the results reported to date have been encouraging, although further studies are warranted to confirm the validity of these implants. Total elbow arthroplasty is performed in a range of conditions, including distal humerus fractures in the elderly and elbow arthritis. In the former condition, linked elbow replacement yields excellent results with few complications and a low revision rate. In elbow arthritis, total elbow arthroplasty is indicated when patients suffer from disabling pain, stiffness and/or instability that prevent them from performing daily activities. Unlinked elbow arthroplasty, which is used above all in rheumatoid arthritis, also yields satisfactory results, although the risk of instability persists. The use of linked elbow arthroplasty, which yields similar results but lower revision rates, has consequently increased. Lastly, the results yielded by linked elbow prosthesis in post-traumatic conditions are good, although not quite as good as those obtained in rheumatoid arthritis. Early mechanical failure may occur in younger and more active patients after elbow arthroplasty. However, the careful selection of patients who are prepared to accept functional limitations imposed by elbow implants will enable indications for elbow arthroplasty to be extended to young subjects, particularly when no other therapeutic options are available.
Radial head, radiocapitellar and total elbow arthroplasties: a review of recent literature / Giannicola, G; Sacchetti, Fm; Antonietti, G; Piccioli, A; Postacchini, R; Cinotti, Gianluca. - In: INJURY. - ISSN 0020-1383. - STAMPA. - 45:2(2014), pp. 428-436.
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|Titolo:||Radial head, radiocapitellar and total elbow arthroplasties: a review of recent literature.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Citazione:||Radial head, radiocapitellar and total elbow arthroplasties: a review of recent literature / Giannicola, G; Sacchetti, Fm; Antonietti, G; Piccioli, A; Postacchini, R; Cinotti, Gianluca. - In: INJURY. - ISSN 0020-1383. - STAMPA. - 45:2(2014), pp. 428-436.|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|