In the last few years the problem of conservation and enhancement of the archaeological heritage, in Italy as well as in the rest of the world, has become a question of great interest1, owing to the development of new technologies and methodologies which allow more efficient and less intrusive interventions in the architectural and archaelogical heritage to be surveyed and protected. Particulary in the field of architecture and archaeology, survey techniques based on the 3D laser scanner technology have become very popular. The development of the most widespread instrumental survey tecniques (topography, stereophotogrammetry, photographic survey aimed to digital processing up to GIS) has been considerable and has made it possible both the acquiring and the processing of a large amount of data. The 3D laser scanning represents one of the ultimate steps of the technological progress in the field of the morphological survey and it offers new and important opportunities. The continuous development and updating of such information techniques allow a wider use of them in activities related to any branch of the human and physical sciences; in particular, the Authors believe that such a progress will lead to the complete automatisation of the activities which can be managed via hypertext or GIS. By using a 3D laser scanner technology the D.I.A.P.RE.M. decided to superintend and to carry out the survey in order to draw up specific outputs to be used directly for conservation works according to requirements of the Ministery of Cultural Heritage. Moreover, while surveying, it was noted that 3D scanning methodology is applicable to different dimensional scales, not only to the survey of restricted archaeological remains and specific architectures but also to entire urban nuclei. Thus, the research project on Pompeii has become more and more interesting because it is now possible to create 3D models of the excavations based on laser scans suitably, integrated with other methodologies (topography, photogrammetry, reflectography, spectrophotometry), in order to build up a digital data base which can directly accessed, consulted, integrated with the results of further researches and used for conservative interventions on archaeological sites and their enhancement. This paper intends to summarize some significant results obtained during the research carried out at Pompeii on the monuments of the Forum. The research project aims at studying not only the architectural scale of the monuments in the Forum area, but also the detail scale of each monumental component and the urban scale of the environmental context.
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|Titolo:||Laser Scanner 3D Survey in Archaeological Field: the Forum Of Pompeii|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||04b Atto di convegno in volume|