Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) occurs in fibrotic diseases affecting the kidney, liver and lung, and in the peritoneum of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. EMT in the peritoneum is linked to peritoneal membrane dysfunction, and its establishment limits the effectiveness of peritoneal dialysis. The molecular regulation of EMT in the peritoneum is thus of interest from basic and clinical perspectives. Treatment of primary human mesothelial cells (MCs) with effluent from patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis induced a genuine EMT, characterized by downregulated E-cadherin and cytokeratin expression, cell scattering, and spindle-like morphology. This EMT was replicated by co-stimulation with transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 and interleukin (IL)-1 beta. Retroviral overexpression of a mutant inhibitor of kappaB (I kappa B) demonstrated that NF-kappa B activation is required for E-cadherin and cytokeratin downregulation during EMT. Pre-treatment with the MAP kinase kinase (MEK)-1/2 inhibitor U0126 showed that cytokine-triggered NF-kappa B nuclear translocation and transcriptional activity are mediated by activation of extracellular regulated kinase (ERK). Cytokine-mediated induction of mRNA expression of the transcription factor Snail1, a repressor of E-cadherin expression and a potent inducer of EMT, was prevented by blockade of ERK or NF-kappa B. Finally, blockade of ERK/NF-kappa B signaling in ex vivo MCs that were cultured from peritoneal dialysis effluents reverted cells to an epithelioid morphology, upregulated E-cadherin and cytokeratin expression, and downregulated Snail1 expression. Modulation of the ERK/NF-kappa B/Snail1 pathway may provide a means of counteracting the progressive structural and functional deterioration of the peritoneal membrane during peritoneal dialysis.

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of peritoneal mesothelial cells is regulated by an ERK/NF-kappa B/Snail1 pathway / Strippoli, Raffaele; Benedicto, I; Perez Lozano M., L; Cerezo, A; Lopez Cabrera, M; del Pozo, M. A.. - In: DISEASE MODELS & MECHANISMS. - ISSN 1754-8403. - 1:4-5(2008), pp. 264-274. [10.1242/dmm.001321]

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of peritoneal mesothelial cells is regulated by an ERK/NF-kappa B/Snail1 pathway

STRIPPOLI, RAFFAELE;
2008

Abstract

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) occurs in fibrotic diseases affecting the kidney, liver and lung, and in the peritoneum of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. EMT in the peritoneum is linked to peritoneal membrane dysfunction, and its establishment limits the effectiveness of peritoneal dialysis. The molecular regulation of EMT in the peritoneum is thus of interest from basic and clinical perspectives. Treatment of primary human mesothelial cells (MCs) with effluent from patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis induced a genuine EMT, characterized by downregulated E-cadherin and cytokeratin expression, cell scattering, and spindle-like morphology. This EMT was replicated by co-stimulation with transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 and interleukin (IL)-1 beta. Retroviral overexpression of a mutant inhibitor of kappaB (I kappa B) demonstrated that NF-kappa B activation is required for E-cadherin and cytokeratin downregulation during EMT. Pre-treatment with the MAP kinase kinase (MEK)-1/2 inhibitor U0126 showed that cytokine-triggered NF-kappa B nuclear translocation and transcriptional activity are mediated by activation of extracellular regulated kinase (ERK). Cytokine-mediated induction of mRNA expression of the transcription factor Snail1, a repressor of E-cadherin expression and a potent inducer of EMT, was prevented by blockade of ERK or NF-kappa B. Finally, blockade of ERK/NF-kappa B signaling in ex vivo MCs that were cultured from peritoneal dialysis effluents reverted cells to an epithelioid morphology, upregulated E-cadherin and cytokeratin expression, and downregulated Snail1 expression. Modulation of the ERK/NF-kappa B/Snail1 pathway may provide a means of counteracting the progressive structural and functional deterioration of the peritoneal membrane during peritoneal dialysis.
2008
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of peritoneal mesothelial cells is regulated by an ERK/NF-kappa B/Snail1 pathway / Strippoli, Raffaele; Benedicto, I; Perez Lozano M., L; Cerezo, A; Lopez Cabrera, M; del Pozo, M. A.. - In: DISEASE MODELS & MECHANISMS. - ISSN 1754-8403. - 1:4-5(2008), pp. 264-274. [10.1242/dmm.001321]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/559813
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