The determination of the current state of buildings and infrastructures through non-invasive geophysical methods is a topic not yet covered by technical standards, since the application of high resolution geophysical investigations to structural targets is a relatively new technology. Earth-filled daminvestigation is a typical engineering application of this type.We propose the integration of Electrical Resistivity Tomography and P- and SH-wave seismic measurements for imaging the geometry of the dam's body and the underlying soil foundations and to characterize the lowstrain elastic properties. Because S-wave velocity is closely tied to engineering properties such as shear strength, low-velocity zones in the S-wave velocity models are of particular interest. When acquiring seismic data on earth filled dams, it is not uncommon to encounter highly attenuative surface layers. If only lightweight seismic sources are available, the seismic data generally exhibit a narrow frequency bandwidth: the lack of high frequency components generally prevents fromhaving good quality shallow reflections. If there is no possibility to increase the power as well as the frequency content of the seismic source, the integration of other seismicmethods than reflection may be the only available way to achieve a reliable near surface seismic characterization. For these reasons, we combined P- and SH-wave tomography withMultichannel Analysis of Surface Waves to image the internal and the underlying soil foundations of an earth filled dam located in Central Italy. In the presence of moderate velocity contrasts, tomographic methods have proven successful in imaging near surface variations along both the horizontal and vertical directions. On the other hand, body wave propagation is severely affected by attenuation under the previously described conditions, so that the quality of picked traveltimes dramatically decreases with offset and, consequently, the tomographic investigation generally lacks penetration depth. For this reason, we further interpreted the seismic shot gathers acquired for the tomographic reconstruction as surface wave data, to increase the depth of penetration and to retrieve the S-wave velocity of the soil foundations. The simultaneous use of P- and S-wave tomography allowed us to verify the sub-horizontal layering of the dam in terms of seismic velocities, whereas the surface wave interpretation allowed us to determine the S-wave values of the in-place alluvial deposits, excluding the presence of irregular features and very strong velocity contrasts within and below the structure. Similarly, Electrical Resistivity Tomography confirmed that the dam body is homogeneous without any anomalous variations both laterally and with depth. The geophysical results will be used to guide the future retrofitting intervention at the site.

Characterization of an earth-filled dam through the combined use of Electrical Resistivity Tomography, P- and SH-wave seismic tomography and Surface wave data / Cardarelli, Ettore; Cercato, Michele; DE DONNO, Giorgio. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED GEOPHYSICS. - ISSN 0926-9851. - STAMPA. - 106:(2014), pp. 87-95. [10.1016/j.jappgeo.2014.04.007]

Characterization of an earth-filled dam through the combined use of Electrical Resistivity Tomography, P- and SH-wave seismic tomography and Surface wave data

CARDARELLI, Ettore;CERCATO, MICHELE
;
DE DONNO, GIORGIO
2014

Abstract

The determination of the current state of buildings and infrastructures through non-invasive geophysical methods is a topic not yet covered by technical standards, since the application of high resolution geophysical investigations to structural targets is a relatively new technology. Earth-filled daminvestigation is a typical engineering application of this type.We propose the integration of Electrical Resistivity Tomography and P- and SH-wave seismic measurements for imaging the geometry of the dam's body and the underlying soil foundations and to characterize the lowstrain elastic properties. Because S-wave velocity is closely tied to engineering properties such as shear strength, low-velocity zones in the S-wave velocity models are of particular interest. When acquiring seismic data on earth filled dams, it is not uncommon to encounter highly attenuative surface layers. If only lightweight seismic sources are available, the seismic data generally exhibit a narrow frequency bandwidth: the lack of high frequency components generally prevents fromhaving good quality shallow reflections. If there is no possibility to increase the power as well as the frequency content of the seismic source, the integration of other seismicmethods than reflection may be the only available way to achieve a reliable near surface seismic characterization. For these reasons, we combined P- and SH-wave tomography withMultichannel Analysis of Surface Waves to image the internal and the underlying soil foundations of an earth filled dam located in Central Italy. In the presence of moderate velocity contrasts, tomographic methods have proven successful in imaging near surface variations along both the horizontal and vertical directions. On the other hand, body wave propagation is severely affected by attenuation under the previously described conditions, so that the quality of picked traveltimes dramatically decreases with offset and, consequently, the tomographic investigation generally lacks penetration depth. For this reason, we further interpreted the seismic shot gathers acquired for the tomographic reconstruction as surface wave data, to increase the depth of penetration and to retrieve the S-wave velocity of the soil foundations. The simultaneous use of P- and S-wave tomography allowed us to verify the sub-horizontal layering of the dam in terms of seismic velocities, whereas the surface wave interpretation allowed us to determine the S-wave values of the in-place alluvial deposits, excluding the presence of irregular features and very strong velocity contrasts within and below the structure. Similarly, Electrical Resistivity Tomography confirmed that the dam body is homogeneous without any anomalous variations both laterally and with depth. The geophysical results will be used to guide the future retrofitting intervention at the site.
2014
seismic tomography, seismic surface waves, electrical tomography, near surface geophysics, dam inspection
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Characterization of an earth-filled dam through the combined use of Electrical Resistivity Tomography, P- and SH-wave seismic tomography and Surface wave data / Cardarelli, Ettore; Cercato, Michele; DE DONNO, Giorgio. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED GEOPHYSICS. - ISSN 0926-9851. - STAMPA. - 106:(2014), pp. 87-95. [10.1016/j.jappgeo.2014.04.007]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/558913
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