Introduction: Epigenetic signatures may represent key modulators of oxidative stress in patients with obesity. The mitochondrial adaptor p66Shc is a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the vasculature. Hypothesis: The present study was designed to investigate whether epigenetic regulation of p66Shc mediates vascular dysfunction in human and experimental obesity. Methods: Visceral fat arteries (VFA) were isolated from 10 obese and 10 age-matched healthy subjects. To characterize the role of p66Shc, genetically obese mice (leptin deficient, LepOb/Obp66WT) were crossed with p66KO to generate double-mutant mice (LepOb/Obp66KO). Organ chamber experiments were performed to assess endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine (Ach, 10-9-10-4 mol/L). Mitochondrial superoxide anion (O2-) was assessed by ESR spectroscopy. mRNA and protein expression were assessed by real-time PCR and immunoblotting. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) was performed to investigate epigenetic modifications on p66Shc promoter. Results: Maximal endothelium-dependent relaxation was impaired in VFA from obese as compared with controls (64.9%±4.8 vs 93±2.9, p<0.01). p66Shc expression was increased in obese vessels (AU, 1.5±0.3 vs 0.7±0.2, p<0.01) and correlated with mitochondrial oxidative stress (r= 0.76, p<0.01) and endothelial dysfunction (r= -0.47, p<0.01). Demethylation and acetylation at lysine 9 of histone 3 (H3K9) were the main epigenetic changes found on p66Shc promoter of obese subjects. Interestingly, H3K9 methyl-writing and acetyl-erasing enzymes SUV39H1 and SRC-1 were dysregulated in these vessels. Consistently, LepOb/Obp66KO were protected against endothelial dysfunction and mitochondrial oxidative stress as compared with LepOb/Obp66WT. Overexpression of SUV39H1 and knockdown of SRC-1 abolished p66Shc upregulation and ROS generation in endothelial cells isolated from LepOb/Obp66WT. Conclusions: Reversible epigenetic signatures on p66Shc promoter drive obesity-induced vascular disease. Reprogramming these modifications may attenuate vascular damage in obese individuals

Reprogramming epigenetic changes blunts p66Shc-induced vascular dysfunction in experimental and human obesity: insights for mechanisms-based therapeutic strategies / Francesco, Paneni; Sarah, Costantino; Capretti, Giuliana; Agostino, Virdis; Sergio, Chiandotto; Bianca, Rocca; Thomas, Lüscher; Stefano, Taddei; Volpe, Massimo; Cosentino, Francesco. - In: CIRCULATION. - ISSN 0009-7322. - 128:(2013). ((Intervento presentato al convegno American Heart Association (AHA) 2013 Scientific Sessions tenutosi a Dallas, Texas nel 16-20 novembre 2013.

Reprogramming epigenetic changes blunts p66Shc-induced vascular dysfunction in experimental and human obesity: insights for mechanisms-based therapeutic strategies

CAPRETTI, GIULIANA;VOLPE, Massimo;COSENTINO, Francesco
2013

Abstract

Introduction: Epigenetic signatures may represent key modulators of oxidative stress in patients with obesity. The mitochondrial adaptor p66Shc is a major source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the vasculature. Hypothesis: The present study was designed to investigate whether epigenetic regulation of p66Shc mediates vascular dysfunction in human and experimental obesity. Methods: Visceral fat arteries (VFA) were isolated from 10 obese and 10 age-matched healthy subjects. To characterize the role of p66Shc, genetically obese mice (leptin deficient, LepOb/Obp66WT) were crossed with p66KO to generate double-mutant mice (LepOb/Obp66KO). Organ chamber experiments were performed to assess endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine (Ach, 10-9-10-4 mol/L). Mitochondrial superoxide anion (O2-) was assessed by ESR spectroscopy. mRNA and protein expression were assessed by real-time PCR and immunoblotting. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) was performed to investigate epigenetic modifications on p66Shc promoter. Results: Maximal endothelium-dependent relaxation was impaired in VFA from obese as compared with controls (64.9%±4.8 vs 93±2.9, p<0.01). p66Shc expression was increased in obese vessels (AU, 1.5±0.3 vs 0.7±0.2, p<0.01) and correlated with mitochondrial oxidative stress (r= 0.76, p<0.01) and endothelial dysfunction (r= -0.47, p<0.01). Demethylation and acetylation at lysine 9 of histone 3 (H3K9) were the main epigenetic changes found on p66Shc promoter of obese subjects. Interestingly, H3K9 methyl-writing and acetyl-erasing enzymes SUV39H1 and SRC-1 were dysregulated in these vessels. Consistently, LepOb/Obp66KO were protected against endothelial dysfunction and mitochondrial oxidative stress as compared with LepOb/Obp66WT. Overexpression of SUV39H1 and knockdown of SRC-1 abolished p66Shc upregulation and ROS generation in endothelial cells isolated from LepOb/Obp66WT. Conclusions: Reversible epigenetic signatures on p66Shc promoter drive obesity-induced vascular disease. Reprogramming these modifications may attenuate vascular damage in obese individuals
American Heart Association (AHA) 2013 Scientific Sessions
04 Pubblicazione in atti di convegno::04d Abstract in atti di convegno
Reprogramming epigenetic changes blunts p66Shc-induced vascular dysfunction in experimental and human obesity: insights for mechanisms-based therapeutic strategies / Francesco, Paneni; Sarah, Costantino; Capretti, Giuliana; Agostino, Virdis; Sergio, Chiandotto; Bianca, Rocca; Thomas, Lüscher; Stefano, Taddei; Volpe, Massimo; Cosentino, Francesco. - In: CIRCULATION. - ISSN 0009-7322. - 128:(2013). ((Intervento presentato al convegno American Heart Association (AHA) 2013 Scientific Sessions tenutosi a Dallas, Texas nel 16-20 novembre 2013.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/558869
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