Plasmons are quantized collective oscillations of electrons and have been observed in metals and doped semiconductors. The plasmons of ordinary, massive electrons have been the basic ingredients of research in plasmonics and in optical metamaterials for a long time(1). However, plasmons of massless Dirac electrons have only recently been observed in graphene, a purely two-dimensional electron system(2). Their properties are promising for novel tunable plasmonic metamaterials in the terahertz and mid-infrared frequency range(3). Dirac fermions also occur in the two-dimensional electron gas that forms at the surface of topological insulators as a result of the strong spin-orbit interaction existing in the insulating bulk phase(4). One may therefore look for their collective excitations using infrared spectroscopy. Here we report the first experimental evidence of plasmonic excitations in a topological insulator (Bi2Se3). The material was prepared in thin micro-ribbon arrays of different widths W and periods 2W to select suitable values of the plasmon wavevector k. The linewidth of the plasmon was found to remain nearly constant at temperatures between 6 K and 300 K, as expected when exciting topological carriers. Moreover, by changing W and measuring the plasmon frequency in the terahertz range versus k we show, without using any fitting parameter, that the dispersion curve agrees quantitatively with that predicted for Dirac plasmons.

Observation of Dirac plasmons in a topological insulator / DI PIETRO, Paola; Ortolani, Michele; Limaj, Odeta; A., Di Gaspare; Giliberti, Valeria; Giorgianni, Francesco; M., Brahlek; N., Bansal; N., Koirala; S., Oh; Calvani, Paolo; Lupi, Stefano. - In: NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1748-3387. - 8:8(2013), pp. 556-560. [10.1038/nnano.2013.134]

Observation of Dirac plasmons in a topological insulator

DI PIETRO, PAOLA;ORTOLANI, MICHELE;LIMAJ, ODETA;GILIBERTI, VALERIA;GIORGIANNI, Francesco;CALVANI, Paolo;LUPI, Stefano
2013

Abstract

Plasmons are quantized collective oscillations of electrons and have been observed in metals and doped semiconductors. The plasmons of ordinary, massive electrons have been the basic ingredients of research in plasmonics and in optical metamaterials for a long time(1). However, plasmons of massless Dirac electrons have only recently been observed in graphene, a purely two-dimensional electron system(2). Their properties are promising for novel tunable plasmonic metamaterials in the terahertz and mid-infrared frequency range(3). Dirac fermions also occur in the two-dimensional electron gas that forms at the surface of topological insulators as a result of the strong spin-orbit interaction existing in the insulating bulk phase(4). One may therefore look for their collective excitations using infrared spectroscopy. Here we report the first experimental evidence of plasmonic excitations in a topological insulator (Bi2Se3). The material was prepared in thin micro-ribbon arrays of different widths W and periods 2W to select suitable values of the plasmon wavevector k. The linewidth of the plasmon was found to remain nearly constant at temperatures between 6 K and 300 K, as expected when exciting topological carriers. Moreover, by changing W and measuring the plasmon frequency in the terahertz range versus k we show, without using any fitting parameter, that the dispersion curve agrees quantitatively with that predicted for Dirac plasmons.
2013
isolanti topologici; infrarosso; plasmoni
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Observation of Dirac plasmons in a topological insulator / DI PIETRO, Paola; Ortolani, Michele; Limaj, Odeta; A., Di Gaspare; Giliberti, Valeria; Giorgianni, Francesco; M., Brahlek; N., Bansal; N., Koirala; S., Oh; Calvani, Paolo; Lupi, Stefano. - In: NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1748-3387. - 8:8(2013), pp. 556-560. [10.1038/nnano.2013.134]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/556420
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