The minimal spanning tree (MST) algorithm is a graph-theoretical cluster-finding method. We previously applied it to γ-ray bidimensional images, showing that it is quite sensitive in finding faint sources. Possible sources are associated with the regions where the photon arrival directions clusterize. MST selects clusters starting from a particular "tree" connecting all the point of the image and performing a cut based on the angular distance between photons, with a number of events higher than a given threshold. In this paper, we show how a further filtering, based on some parameters linked to the cluster properties, can be applied to reduce spurious detections. We find that the most efficient parameter for this secondary selection is the magnitude M of a cluster, defined as the product of its number of events by its clustering degree. We test the sensitivity of the method by means of simulated and real Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT) fields. Our results show that is strongly correlated with other statistical significance parameters, derived from a wavelet based algorithm and maximum likelihood (ML) analysis, and that it can be used as a good estimator of statistical significance of MST detections. We apply the method to a 2-year LAT image at energies higher than 3 GeV, and we show the presence of new clusters, likely associated with BL Lac objects.

Minimal spanning tree algorithm for γ-ray source detection in sparse photon images: cluster parameters and selection strategies / R., Campana; E., Bernieri; Massaro, Enrico; F., Tinebra; G., Tosti. - In: ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE. - ISSN 0004-640X. - STAMPA. - 347:(2013), pp. 169-182. [10.1007/s10509-013-1488-0]

Minimal spanning tree algorithm for γ-ray source detection in sparse photon images: cluster parameters and selection strategies

MASSARO, Enrico;
2013

Abstract

The minimal spanning tree (MST) algorithm is a graph-theoretical cluster-finding method. We previously applied it to γ-ray bidimensional images, showing that it is quite sensitive in finding faint sources. Possible sources are associated with the regions where the photon arrival directions clusterize. MST selects clusters starting from a particular "tree" connecting all the point of the image and performing a cut based on the angular distance between photons, with a number of events higher than a given threshold. In this paper, we show how a further filtering, based on some parameters linked to the cluster properties, can be applied to reduce spurious detections. We find that the most efficient parameter for this secondary selection is the magnitude M of a cluster, defined as the product of its number of events by its clustering degree. We test the sensitivity of the method by means of simulated and real Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT) fields. Our results show that is strongly correlated with other statistical significance parameters, derived from a wavelet based algorithm and maximum likelihood (ML) analysis, and that it can be used as a good estimator of statistical significance of MST detections. We apply the method to a 2-year LAT image at energies higher than 3 GeV, and we show the presence of new clusters, likely associated with BL Lac objects.
2013
Gamma rays; Methods; data analysis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Minimal spanning tree algorithm for γ-ray source detection in sparse photon images: cluster parameters and selection strategies / R., Campana; E., Bernieri; Massaro, Enrico; F., Tinebra; G., Tosti. - In: ASTROPHYSICS AND SPACE SCIENCE. - ISSN 0004-640X. - STAMPA. - 347:(2013), pp. 169-182. [10.1007/s10509-013-1488-0]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/556187
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