The objective was to determine whether the protein of rolB affects shoot formation and whether this potential relationship depends on the developmental stages of the plant and/or on the culture conditions. Thin cell layers (TCL) and leaf explants were excised from tobacco plants in the vegetative and flowering stages and cultured under various hormonal conditions. In TCLs of vegetative-stage plants, the expression of rolB enhanced the formation of the shoot buds under hormone-free conditions and with specific concentrations of auxin and/or cytokinin, Histological examination showed that the induction of the shoot meristemoids was particularly enhanced by rolB protein and that meristemoid growth was accelerated. In leaf explants from vegetative-stage plants, the expression of rolB increased the formation of shoot buds in the presence of 1 mu M IAA plus 1 or 10 mu M cytokinin, With BA alone, at a 0,1 mu M concentration, shoot formation occurred in the transgenic explants only, whereas with concentrations ranging from 0.5 to in mu M, it was higher in these explants than in controls. RolB protein enhanced the formation of shoot buds in TCLs from flowering plants under all hormonal conditions. In the presence of 1 mu M IAA and kinetin, the protein also increased the flowering response. In leaf explants from flowering plants, the expression of rolB increased the number of shoot buds in the presence of 1 mu M IAA with 10 mu M BA, In conclusion, rolB protein promotes shoot formation; it seems to have a positive interaction with cytokinin and an effect on the induction of the meristematic condition.
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|Titolo:||The protein of rolB gene enhances shoot formation in tobacco leaf explants and thin cell layers from plants in different physiological stages|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Citazione:||The protein of rolB gene enhances shoot formation in tobacco leaf explants and thin cell layers from plants in different physiological stages / Altamura, Maria Maddalena; D'Angeli, Simone; Capitani, Francesca. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY. - ISSN 0022-0957. - STAMPA. - 49:324(1998), pp. 1139-1146.|
|Appare nella tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|