Purpose: To investigate, by using resting-state (RS) functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, thalamocortical functional connectivity (FC) and its correlations with cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). Materials and Methods: All subjects provided written informed consent; the study protocol was approved by the university institutional review board for this HIPAA-compliant study. Forty-eight patients with relapsing-remitting MS and 24 control subjects underwent multimodal MR imaging, including diffusion-tensor imaging, three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted imaging, and functional MR imaging at rest and a neuropsychological examination with the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT). Functional MR imaging data were analyzed with tools from FMRIB Software Library, by using the seed-based method to identify the thalamic RS network (RSN). Results: When compared with control subjects, patients showed gray matter and white matter atrophy, as well as diffusion-tensor imaging abnormalities (P < .01). Patients displayed significantly greater synchronization than control subjects in the cerebellum; basal ganglia; hippocampus; cingulum; and temporo-occipital, insular, frontal, and parietal cortices. They also exhibited significantly lower synchronization in the thalamus; cerebellum; cingulum; and insular, prefrontal, and parieto-occipital cortices (cluster level, P < .05, corrected for familywise error [FWE]). In patients, the PASAT score at 3 seconds significantly inversely correlated with the thalamus, cerebellum, and some cortical areas in all cerebral lobes; the PASAT score at 2 seconds significantly correlated, even more strongly, with all the aforementioned regions and, in addition, with the cingulum and the left hippocampus (cluster level, P < .05, corrected for FWE). Conclusion: Thalamic RSN is disrupted in MS, and decreased performance in cognitive testing is associated with increased thalamocortical FC, thus suggesting that neuroplasticity changes are unable to compensate for tissue damage and to prevent cognitive dysfunction. (C) RSNA, 2014

Multiple Sclerosis: Altered Thalamic Resting-State Functional Connectivity and Its Effect on Cognitive Function / Tona, Francesca; Petsas, Nikolaos; Sbardella, Emilia; Prosperini, Luca; Carmellini, Maurizio; Pozzilli, Carlo; Pantano, Patrizia. - In: RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0033-8419. - ELETTRONICO. - 271:3(2014), pp. 814-821. [10.1148/radiol.14131688]

Multiple Sclerosis: Altered Thalamic Resting-State Functional Connectivity and Its Effect on Cognitive Function

TONA, FRANCESCA;PETSAS, NIKOLAOS;SBARDELLA, EMILIA;PROSPERINI, luca;CARMELLINI, Maurizio;POZZILLI, Carlo;PANTANO, Patrizia
2014

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate, by using resting-state (RS) functional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, thalamocortical functional connectivity (FC) and its correlations with cognitive impairment in multiple sclerosis (MS). Materials and Methods: All subjects provided written informed consent; the study protocol was approved by the university institutional review board for this HIPAA-compliant study. Forty-eight patients with relapsing-remitting MS and 24 control subjects underwent multimodal MR imaging, including diffusion-tensor imaging, three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted imaging, and functional MR imaging at rest and a neuropsychological examination with the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT). Functional MR imaging data were analyzed with tools from FMRIB Software Library, by using the seed-based method to identify the thalamic RS network (RSN). Results: When compared with control subjects, patients showed gray matter and white matter atrophy, as well as diffusion-tensor imaging abnormalities (P < .01). Patients displayed significantly greater synchronization than control subjects in the cerebellum; basal ganglia; hippocampus; cingulum; and temporo-occipital, insular, frontal, and parietal cortices. They also exhibited significantly lower synchronization in the thalamus; cerebellum; cingulum; and insular, prefrontal, and parieto-occipital cortices (cluster level, P < .05, corrected for familywise error [FWE]). In patients, the PASAT score at 3 seconds significantly inversely correlated with the thalamus, cerebellum, and some cortical areas in all cerebral lobes; the PASAT score at 2 seconds significantly correlated, even more strongly, with all the aforementioned regions and, in addition, with the cingulum and the left hippocampus (cluster level, P < .05, corrected for FWE). Conclusion: Thalamic RSN is disrupted in MS, and decreased performance in cognitive testing is associated with increased thalamocortical FC, thus suggesting that neuroplasticity changes are unable to compensate for tissue damage and to prevent cognitive dysfunction. (C) RSNA, 2014
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/542671
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 41
  • Scopus 97
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 91
social impact