Outcome of Helicobacter pylori infection is different according to gastritis extension (i.e. antrum-restricted gastritis or pangastritis). The aim of this study is to evaluate whether different gastritis patterns are associated with specific gastrointestinal symptoms or clinical signs that could be suggestive of the topography of gastritis. 236 consecutive symptomatic outpatients were recruited in two tertiary centers. They filled in a validated and self-administered Rome III modular symptomatic questionnaire, and underwent gastroscopy with histological sampling. 154 patients with Helicobacter pylori infection were included. Clinical presentation did not differ between antrum-restricted gastritis and pangastritis, gastro-esophageal reflux disease being present in 48.2 and 54.1 % of patients and dyspepsia in 51.8 and 45.9 %, respectively. However, pangastritis statistically differed from antrum-restricted gastritis in that the presence of clinical signs (p < 0.0001) was observed in 33.7 % of the patients, consisting of iron deficiency (31.6 %), iron deficiency-anemia (20.4 %) and levothyroxine malabsorption (3.1 %). Symptoms are not helpful in suggesting gastritis pattern whereas their association with signs, accurately detected, is indicative for the presence of pangastritis. © 2014 SIMI.
Are clinical features able to predict Helicobacter pylori gastritis patterns? Evidence from tertiary centers / Carabotti, Marilia; Lahner, Edith; Porowska, Barbara; Enzo, Colacci; Trentino, Paolo; Annibale, Bruno; Severi, Carola. - In: INTERNAL AND EMERGENCY MEDICINE. - ISSN 1828-0447. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:8(2014), pp. 1-5. [10.1007/s11739-014-1055-x]