The paper presents an event driven model predictive control (MPC) framework for managing charging operations of electric vehicles (EV) in a smart grid. The objective is to minimize the cost of energy consumption, while respecting EV drivers' preferences, technical bounds on the control action (in compliance with the IEC 61851 standard) and both market and grid constraints (by seeking the tracking of a reference load profile defined by the grid operator). The proposed control approach allows "flexible" EV users to participate in demand side management (DSM) programs, which will play a crucial role in improving stability and efficiency of future smart grids. Further, the natural MPC formulation of the problem can be recast into a mixed integer linear programming problem, suitable for implementation on a calculator. Simulation results are provided and discussed in detail. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Electric vehicles charging control in a smart grid: A model predictive control approach / DI GIORGIO, Alessandro; Liberati, Francesco; Canale, Silvia. - In: CONTROL ENGINEERING PRACTICE. - ISSN 0967-0661. - STAMPA. - 22:1(2014), pp. 147-162. [10.1016/j.conengprac.2013.10.005]

Electric vehicles charging control in a smart grid: A model predictive control approach

DI GIORGIO, ALESSANDRO;LIBERATI, FRANCESCO;CANALE, Silvia
2014

Abstract

The paper presents an event driven model predictive control (MPC) framework for managing charging operations of electric vehicles (EV) in a smart grid. The objective is to minimize the cost of energy consumption, while respecting EV drivers' preferences, technical bounds on the control action (in compliance with the IEC 61851 standard) and both market and grid constraints (by seeking the tracking of a reference load profile defined by the grid operator). The proposed control approach allows "flexible" EV users to participate in demand side management (DSM) programs, which will play a crucial role in improving stability and efficiency of future smart grids. Further, the natural MPC formulation of the problem can be recast into a mixed integer linear programming problem, suitable for implementation on a calculator. Simulation results are provided and discussed in detail. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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