Candida albicans represents one of the most prevalent species causing life-threatening fungal infections. Current treatments to defeat Candida albicans have become quite difficult, due to their toxic side effects and the emergence of resistant strains. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are fascinating molecules with a potential role as novel anti-infective agents. However, only a few studies have been performed on their efficacy towards the most virulent hyphal phenotype of this pathogen. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the anti-Candida activity of the N-terminal 1-18 fragment of the frog skin AMP esculentin-1b, Esc(1-18), under both in vitro and in vivo conditions using Caenorhabditis elegans as a simple host model for microbial infections. Our results demonstrate that Esc(1-18) caused a rapid reduction in the number of viable yeast cells and killing of the hyphal population. Esc(1-18) revealed a membrane perturbing effect which is likely the basis of its mode of action. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report showing the ability of a frog skin AMP-derived peptide (1) to kill both growing stages of Candida; (2) to promote survival of Candida-infected living organisms and (3) to inhibit transition of these fungal cells from the roundish yeast shape to the more dangerous hyphal form at sub-inhibitory concentrations.

Anti-Candida activity of 1-18 fragment of the frog skin peptide esculentin-1b: in vitro and in vivo studies in a Caenorhabditis elegans infection model / Luca, Vincenzo; Olivi, Massimiliano; DI GRAZIA, Antonio; Palleschi, Claudio; Uccelletti, Daniela; Mangoni, Maria Luisa. - In: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 1420-682X. - STAMPA. - 71:13(2014), pp. 2535-2546. [10.1007/s00018-013-1500-4]

Anti-Candida activity of 1-18 fragment of the frog skin peptide esculentin-1b: in vitro and in vivo studies in a Caenorhabditis elegans infection model

LUCA, VINCENZO;OLIVI, MASSIMILIANO;DI GRAZIA, ANTONIO;PALLESCHI, Claudio;UCCELLETTI, Daniela;MANGONI, Maria Luisa
2014

Abstract

Candida albicans represents one of the most prevalent species causing life-threatening fungal infections. Current treatments to defeat Candida albicans have become quite difficult, due to their toxic side effects and the emergence of resistant strains. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are fascinating molecules with a potential role as novel anti-infective agents. However, only a few studies have been performed on their efficacy towards the most virulent hyphal phenotype of this pathogen. The purpose of this work is to evaluate the anti-Candida activity of the N-terminal 1-18 fragment of the frog skin AMP esculentin-1b, Esc(1-18), under both in vitro and in vivo conditions using Caenorhabditis elegans as a simple host model for microbial infections. Our results demonstrate that Esc(1-18) caused a rapid reduction in the number of viable yeast cells and killing of the hyphal population. Esc(1-18) revealed a membrane perturbing effect which is likely the basis of its mode of action. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report showing the ability of a frog skin AMP-derived peptide (1) to kill both growing stages of Candida; (2) to promote survival of Candida-infected living organisms and (3) to inhibit transition of these fungal cells from the roundish yeast shape to the more dangerous hyphal form at sub-inhibitory concentrations.
anti-candida activity; antimicrobial peptide; caenorhabditis elegans; membrane permeabilization; simple infection model
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Anti-Candida activity of 1-18 fragment of the frog skin peptide esculentin-1b: in vitro and in vivo studies in a Caenorhabditis elegans infection model / Luca, Vincenzo; Olivi, Massimiliano; DI GRAZIA, Antonio; Palleschi, Claudio; Uccelletti, Daniela; Mangoni, Maria Luisa. - In: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES. - ISSN 1420-682X. - STAMPA. - 71:13(2014), pp. 2535-2546. [10.1007/s00018-013-1500-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/536910
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