Objective: To investigate the rehabilitative approach in patients with ring scotoma. A central scotoma is characteristic for patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Sometimes patients with AMD maintain a residual central vision area within the scotoma (ring scotoma). Design: Prospective, nonrandomized case series. Participants: Twenty-four patients with AMD. Methods: A formal low-vision assessment was performed for all study patients. The assessment included best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), contrast sensitivity, reading speed, and microperimetry. All patients were provided a low-vision assessment to satisfy patients' needs. Devices were prescribed accordingly. Results: The BCVA found was 0.4 logMAR (SD 0.1). All had central and stable fixation. Residual central retinal area size and sensitivity measured 2.4° (SD 0.8) and 3.1 dB (SD 0.8), respectively. Twenty patients achieved better vision with optical magnification in the eye with ring scotoma. Mean reading speed achieved was 50.2 words/min (SD 20.9). A linear correlation was found for reading speed with both central area sensitivity (r2 = 0.5, p < 0.05) and contrast sensitivity (r2 = 0.3, p < 0.05). Conclusions: In patients with AMD with ring scotoma, moderate amounts of magnification seem to provide satisfactory rehabilitation outcomes. Central retinal spared area sensitivity may predict reading speed outcomes, whereas residual central area size is likely to be useful in determining magnification.
Rehabilitative approach in patients with ring scotoma / F. M., Amore; V., Silvestri; S., Turco; F., De Rossi; Cruciani, Filippo. - In: CANADIAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY-JOURNAL CANADIEN D OPHTALMOLOGIE. - ISSN 0008-4182. - STAMPA. - 48:5(2013), pp. 420-426. [10.1016/j.jcjo.2013.07.012]
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|Titolo:||Rehabilitative approach in patients with ring scotoma|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Citazione:||Rehabilitative approach in patients with ring scotoma / F. M., Amore; V., Silvestri; S., Turco; F., De Rossi; Cruciani, Filippo. - In: CANADIAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY-JOURNAL CANADIEN D OPHTALMOLOGIE. - ISSN 0008-4182. - STAMPA. - 48:5(2013), pp. 420-426. [10.1016/j.jcjo.2013.07.012]|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|