The knowledge of the structure of an artefact, as well as that of its constituent materials and of the hosting environment surely ensures safe guideline for its restoration. Unfortunately, in most cases, a scientific investigation preliminary to restoration is not accomplished due to its high costs and, as a fact, diagnostics is performed only for very precious artworks. This paper aims to provide a multidisciplinary diagnostic procedure that, although not exhaustive, is rigorous and low cost. It was employed in view of the restoration works on a country church located in Sardinia. A careful inspection of all the architectural elements was carried out in order to highlight structural damages as well as sources of them. Some stone and plaster samples were analysed. The salt content was determined, in two different areas of the church and along the stratigraphy of a piece of plaster, using three different sampling procedures; microclimate monitoring was also carried out. Results Water infiltration through the roof was observed. Natural stones and artificial building materials used in the basic architecture resulted to have local source. Both the preliminary “by eye” inspection and the optical microscopy revealed several finishing layers in the investigated plaster samples. The salt content, with some exception, resulted rather low. Microclimate parameters show significant variations only in few areas of the building. Conclusions Damage observed inside the oldest part of the Church seems to be mainly related to water infiltrations through the roof, and the lack of an effective drainage of the rain water due to a previous bad restoration. Masonry from one of the newest rooms, showing a strong biodeterioration, as well as some areas inside the nave, revealed a significantly high sulphate content. Building materials (stone and aggregates of mortars and plasters) are of local provenance.

A multidisciplinary diagnostic approach preliminary to the restoration of the country church “San Maurizio” located in Ittiri (SS), Italy / Sammartino, Maria Pia; Gavino, Cau; Reale, Rita; Ronca, Sara; Visco, Giovanni. - In: HERITAGE SCIENCE. - ISSN 2050-7445. - 2:1(2014), pp. 4-13. [10.1186/2050-7445-2-4]

A multidisciplinary diagnostic approach preliminary to the restoration of the country church “San Maurizio” located in Ittiri (SS), Italy

SAMMARTINO, Maria Pia;REALE, RITA;RONCA, Sara;VISCO, GIOVANNI
2014

Abstract

The knowledge of the structure of an artefact, as well as that of its constituent materials and of the hosting environment surely ensures safe guideline for its restoration. Unfortunately, in most cases, a scientific investigation preliminary to restoration is not accomplished due to its high costs and, as a fact, diagnostics is performed only for very precious artworks. This paper aims to provide a multidisciplinary diagnostic procedure that, although not exhaustive, is rigorous and low cost. It was employed in view of the restoration works on a country church located in Sardinia. A careful inspection of all the architectural elements was carried out in order to highlight structural damages as well as sources of them. Some stone and plaster samples were analysed. The salt content was determined, in two different areas of the church and along the stratigraphy of a piece of plaster, using three different sampling procedures; microclimate monitoring was also carried out. Results Water infiltration through the roof was observed. Natural stones and artificial building materials used in the basic architecture resulted to have local source. Both the preliminary “by eye” inspection and the optical microscopy revealed several finishing layers in the investigated plaster samples. The salt content, with some exception, resulted rather low. Microclimate parameters show significant variations only in few areas of the building. Conclusions Damage observed inside the oldest part of the Church seems to be mainly related to water infiltrations through the roof, and the lack of an effective drainage of the rain water due to a previous bad restoration. Masonry from one of the newest rooms, showing a strong biodeterioration, as well as some areas inside the nave, revealed a significantly high sulphate content. Building materials (stone and aggregates of mortars and plasters) are of local provenance.
salt content; structural inspection; stone and plaster characterization; microclimate
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A multidisciplinary diagnostic approach preliminary to the restoration of the country church “San Maurizio” located in Ittiri (SS), Italy / Sammartino, Maria Pia; Gavino, Cau; Reale, Rita; Ronca, Sara; Visco, Giovanni. - In: HERITAGE SCIENCE. - ISSN 2050-7445. - 2:1(2014), pp. 4-13. [10.1186/2050-7445-2-4]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/530919
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