Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of semiquantitative elastosonography (Q-elastography) compared with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating the nature of thyroid nodules. Methods and materials: Forty-eight consecutive patients (35 males, 13 females, range: 34-69 years, mean: 49.4 years), candidate to surgery, previously detected at color-Doppler ultrasound (CDUS), were prospectively examined with elastosonography with dedicated semiquantitative software (Q-Elastography, Toshiba XG) and CEUS (Technos Mylab 70 Gold X, and Toshiba XG) before surgery. CEUS and elastosonography were evaluated by two investigators in consensus. Comparison between the CEUS pattern and elastonographic strain ratio observed and expected frequencies for the diagnoses was evaluated with chi(2) test or with Fisher exact test. Results: Fifty-three nodules (19 papillary carcinoma, 32 hyperplasia, and 2 follicular adenoma) in 48 patients were available for analysis. Regarding echogenicity score, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of conventional US were 81%, 50%, 56%, 77%; according to Q-elastography, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were 95%, 88%, 97% and 91% respectively; whereas concerning CEUS, sensitivity specificity PPV and NPV were 79%, 91%, 83% and 89% respectively. Both CEUS and Q-elastography were more specific than US (p < 0.01), with not statistical significant difference with regard to sensitivity. Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that Q-elastography is a valuable tool in the characterization of thyroid nodules and it seems to be more sensitive than CEUS. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Prospective comparative evaluation of quantitative-elastosonography (Q-elastography) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of thyroid nodules: Preliminary experience / Cantisani, Vito; Consorti, Fabrizio; Guerrisi, Antonino; Guerrisi, Isabella; Ricci, Paolo; DI SEGNI, Mattia; Mancuso, Ester; Scardella, Laura; Milazzo, Francesca; D'Ambrosio, Ferdinando; Antonaci, Alfredo. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0720-048X. - STAMPA. - 82:11(2013), pp. 1892-1898. [10.1016/j.ejrad.2013.07.005]

Prospective comparative evaluation of quantitative-elastosonography (Q-elastography) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of thyroid nodules: Preliminary experience

CANTISANI, VITO;CONSORTI, Fabrizio;GUERRISI, ANTONINO;GUERRISI, ISABELLA;RICCI, Paolo;DI SEGNI, MATTIA;MANCUSO, ESTER;SCARDELLA, Laura;MILAZZO, FRANCESCA;D'AMBROSIO, Ferdinando;ANTONACI, Alfredo
2013

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the effectiveness of semiquantitative elastosonography (Q-elastography) compared with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating the nature of thyroid nodules. Methods and materials: Forty-eight consecutive patients (35 males, 13 females, range: 34-69 years, mean: 49.4 years), candidate to surgery, previously detected at color-Doppler ultrasound (CDUS), were prospectively examined with elastosonography with dedicated semiquantitative software (Q-Elastography, Toshiba XG) and CEUS (Technos Mylab 70 Gold X, and Toshiba XG) before surgery. CEUS and elastosonography were evaluated by two investigators in consensus. Comparison between the CEUS pattern and elastonographic strain ratio observed and expected frequencies for the diagnoses was evaluated with chi(2) test or with Fisher exact test. Results: Fifty-three nodules (19 papillary carcinoma, 32 hyperplasia, and 2 follicular adenoma) in 48 patients were available for analysis. Regarding echogenicity score, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV of conventional US were 81%, 50%, 56%, 77%; according to Q-elastography, sensitivity, specificity, PPV and NPV were 95%, 88%, 97% and 91% respectively; whereas concerning CEUS, sensitivity specificity PPV and NPV were 79%, 91%, 83% and 89% respectively. Both CEUS and Q-elastography were more specific than US (p < 0.01), with not statistical significant difference with regard to sensitivity. Conclusions: The results of the present study suggest that Q-elastography is a valuable tool in the characterization of thyroid nodules and it seems to be more sensitive than CEUS. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
2013
elastosonography; characterization; thyroid nodules; ceus
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Prospective comparative evaluation of quantitative-elastosonography (Q-elastography) and contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of thyroid nodules: Preliminary experience / Cantisani, Vito; Consorti, Fabrizio; Guerrisi, Antonino; Guerrisi, Isabella; Ricci, Paolo; DI SEGNI, Mattia; Mancuso, Ester; Scardella, Laura; Milazzo, Francesca; D'Ambrosio, Ferdinando; Antonaci, Alfredo. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0720-048X. - STAMPA. - 82:11(2013), pp. 1892-1898. [10.1016/j.ejrad.2013.07.005]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/529947
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