Polygalacturonases (PGs) are secreted by phytopathogenic fungi to degrade the plant cell wall homogalacturonan during plant infection. To counteract Pgs, plants have evolved polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs) that slow down fungal infection and defend cell wall integrity. PGIPs favour the accumulation of oligogalacturonides, which are homogalacturonan fragments that act as endogenous elicitors of plant defence responses. We have previously shown that PGIP2 from Phaseolus vulgaris (PvPGIP2) forms a complex with PG from Fusarium phyllophilum (FpPG), hindering the enzyme active site cleft from substrate. Here we analyse by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) the interaction between PvPGIP2 and a PG from Colletotrichum lupini (CluPG1). We show a different shape of the PGPGIP complex, which allows substrate entry and provides a structural explanation for the different inhibition kinetics exhibited by PvPGIP2 towards the two isoenzymes. The analysis of SAXS structures allowed us to investigate the basis of the inability of PG from Fusarium verticilloides (FvPG) to be inhibited by PvPGIP2 or by any other known PGIP. FvPG is 92.5% identical to FpPG, and we show here, by both loss-and gain-of-function mutations, that a single amino acid site acts as a switch for FvPG recognition by PvPGIP2.

A Single Amino-Acid Substitution Allows Endo-Polygalacturonase of Fusarium verticillioides to Acquire Recognition by PGIP2 from Phaseolus vulgaris / Benedetti, Manuel; Andreani, Federico; Leggio, Claudia; Galantini, Luciano; DI MATTEO, Adele; Pavel, Nicolae Viorel; DE LORENZO, Giulia; Cervone, Felice; Luca, Federici; Sicilia, Francesca. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 8:11(2013), pp. e80610-e8061011. [10.1371/journal.pone.0080610]

A Single Amino-Acid Substitution Allows Endo-Polygalacturonase of Fusarium verticillioides to Acquire Recognition by PGIP2 from Phaseolus vulgaris

BENEDETTI, Manuel;ANDREANI, FEDERICO;LEGGIO, Claudia;GALANTINI, Luciano;DI MATTEO, Adele;PAVEL, Nicolae Viorel;DE LORENZO, Giulia;CERVONE, Felice;SICILIA, Francesca
2013

Abstract

Polygalacturonases (PGs) are secreted by phytopathogenic fungi to degrade the plant cell wall homogalacturonan during plant infection. To counteract Pgs, plants have evolved polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs) that slow down fungal infection and defend cell wall integrity. PGIPs favour the accumulation of oligogalacturonides, which are homogalacturonan fragments that act as endogenous elicitors of plant defence responses. We have previously shown that PGIP2 from Phaseolus vulgaris (PvPGIP2) forms a complex with PG from Fusarium phyllophilum (FpPG), hindering the enzyme active site cleft from substrate. Here we analyse by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) the interaction between PvPGIP2 and a PG from Colletotrichum lupini (CluPG1). We show a different shape of the PGPGIP complex, which allows substrate entry and provides a structural explanation for the different inhibition kinetics exhibited by PvPGIP2 towards the two isoenzymes. The analysis of SAXS structures allowed us to investigate the basis of the inability of PG from Fusarium verticilloides (FvPG) to be inhibited by PvPGIP2 or by any other known PGIP. FvPG is 92.5% identical to FpPG, and we show here, by both loss-and gain-of-function mutations, that a single amino acid site acts as a switch for FvPG recognition by PvPGIP2.
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A Single Amino-Acid Substitution Allows Endo-Polygalacturonase of Fusarium verticillioides to Acquire Recognition by PGIP2 from Phaseolus vulgaris / Benedetti, Manuel; Andreani, Federico; Leggio, Claudia; Galantini, Luciano; DI MATTEO, Adele; Pavel, Nicolae Viorel; DE LORENZO, Giulia; Cervone, Felice; Luca, Federici; Sicilia, Francesca. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - ELETTRONICO. - 8:11(2013), pp. e80610-e8061011. [10.1371/journal.pone.0080610]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/529941
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