Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided focused ultrasound is an alternative noninvasive method for reducing the pain in skeletal metastases. MR imaging-guided focused ultrasound ablation offers several key advantages over other noninvasive treatment modalities. This technology enables the performance of three-dimensional treatment planning with MR imaging and continuous temperature mapping of treated tissue by using MR thermometry, thereby enabling real-time monitoring of thermal damage in the target zone. The concentration of acoustic energy on the intact surface of cortical bone produces a rapid temperature increase that mediates critical thermal damage to the adjacent periosteum, the most innervated component of mature bone tissue. Such thermal ablation has been shown to be an extremely effective approach for pain management. Energy delivered during MR imaging-guided focused ultrasound ablation and accumulated inside the pathologic soft tissue of the metastases can create a variable amount of tissue necrosis. This technique has also a potential role in achieving local tumor control, allowing remineralization of trabecular bone or reduction in lesion size. The current report presents a detailed step-by-step guide for performing MR imaging- guided focused ultrasound ablation of bone metastases, including use of MR thermometry for monitoring treatment, protocol selection for simple palliation of pain or for local tumor control, and a description of imaging features of periosteal neurolysis or metastasis ablation. Two case studies are also presented: in the first, the technique provided palliation of pain in bone metastases, and in the second, the technique achieved tumor control as further proof of primary efficacy. MR imaging- guided focused ultrasound ablation is a promising method for successful palliation of bone metastasis pain and tumor control, because of the bony structure remodeling induced by thermo-related coagulative necrosis. (c) RSNA, 2013 center dot radiographics.rsna.org

MR Imaging-guided Focused Ultrasound for Treatment of Bone Metastasis / Napoli, Alessandro; Anzidei, Michele; CAVALLO MARINCOLA, Beatrice; Beatrice Cavallo, Marincola; Brachetti, Giulia; Noce, Vincenzo; Boni, Fabrizio; Luca, Bertaccini; Passariello, Roberto; Catalano, Carlo. - In: RADIOGRAPHICS. - ISSN 0271-5333. - STAMPA. - 33:6(2013), pp. 1555-1568. [10.1148/rg.336125162]

MR Imaging-guided Focused Ultrasound for Treatment of Bone Metastasis

NAPOLI, ALESSANDRO;ANZIDEI, MICHELE;CAVALLO MARINCOLA, BEATRICE;BRACHETTI, GIULIA;noce, vincenzo;BONI, FABRIZIO;PASSARIELLO, Roberto;CATALANO, Carlo
2013

Abstract

Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided focused ultrasound is an alternative noninvasive method for reducing the pain in skeletal metastases. MR imaging-guided focused ultrasound ablation offers several key advantages over other noninvasive treatment modalities. This technology enables the performance of three-dimensional treatment planning with MR imaging and continuous temperature mapping of treated tissue by using MR thermometry, thereby enabling real-time monitoring of thermal damage in the target zone. The concentration of acoustic energy on the intact surface of cortical bone produces a rapid temperature increase that mediates critical thermal damage to the adjacent periosteum, the most innervated component of mature bone tissue. Such thermal ablation has been shown to be an extremely effective approach for pain management. Energy delivered during MR imaging-guided focused ultrasound ablation and accumulated inside the pathologic soft tissue of the metastases can create a variable amount of tissue necrosis. This technique has also a potential role in achieving local tumor control, allowing remineralization of trabecular bone or reduction in lesion size. The current report presents a detailed step-by-step guide for performing MR imaging- guided focused ultrasound ablation of bone metastases, including use of MR thermometry for monitoring treatment, protocol selection for simple palliation of pain or for local tumor control, and a description of imaging features of periosteal neurolysis or metastasis ablation. Two case studies are also presented: in the first, the technique provided palliation of pain in bone metastases, and in the second, the technique achieved tumor control as further proof of primary efficacy. MR imaging- guided focused ultrasound ablation is a promising method for successful palliation of bone metastasis pain and tumor control, because of the bony structure remodeling induced by thermo-related coagulative necrosis. (c) RSNA, 2013 center dot radiographics.rsna.org
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/525959
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