Upon administration, nanoparticles (NPs) are exposed to biological fluids from which they adsorb proteins and other biomolecules to form a "protein corona". NP-protein interactions are still poorly understood and quantitative studies to characterize them remain scarce. Here, we have investigated the effect of neutral dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) and cholesterol on the adsorption of human plasma proteins onto the surface of 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP)-based cationic liposomes of 100 nm in diameter. Quantitative analysis of the protein corona revealed that replacing cationic DOTAP lipids with neutral lipids, being indifferently DOPE or cholesterol, reduces the affinity of fibrinogen, prothrombin, vitamin K, and vitronectin for the lipid surface. On the other side, DOPE specifically promotes the adsorption of apolipoproteins and serum albumin, while cholesterol induces the preferential binding of immunoglobulins and complement proteins. The results of this study will help to explain why NPs of different lipid compositions have a dramatic difference in their in vivo transfection efficiency and will be useful for design of lipid NPs with optimal circulation profiles. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Effect of DOPE and cholesterol on the protein adsorption onto lipid nanoparticles / Caracciolo, Giulio; Pozzi, Daniela; Capriotti, ANNA LAURA; Cavaliere, Chiara; Lagana', Aldo. - In: JOURNAL OF NANOPARTICLE RESEARCH. - ISSN 1388-0764. - STAMPA. - 15:3(2013), pp. Art. n. 1498-1-Art. n. 1498-11. [10.1007/s11051-013-1498-4]

Effect of DOPE and cholesterol on the protein adsorption onto lipid nanoparticles

CARACCIOLO, Giulio;POZZI, DANIELA;CAPRIOTTI, ANNA LAURA;CAVALIERE, CHIARA;LAGANA', Aldo
2013

Abstract

Upon administration, nanoparticles (NPs) are exposed to biological fluids from which they adsorb proteins and other biomolecules to form a "protein corona". NP-protein interactions are still poorly understood and quantitative studies to characterize them remain scarce. Here, we have investigated the effect of neutral dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) and cholesterol on the adsorption of human plasma proteins onto the surface of 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP)-based cationic liposomes of 100 nm in diameter. Quantitative analysis of the protein corona revealed that replacing cationic DOTAP lipids with neutral lipids, being indifferently DOPE or cholesterol, reduces the affinity of fibrinogen, prothrombin, vitamin K, and vitronectin for the lipid surface. On the other side, DOPE specifically promotes the adsorption of apolipoproteins and serum albumin, while cholesterol induces the preferential binding of immunoglobulins and complement proteins. The results of this study will help to explain why NPs of different lipid compositions have a dramatic difference in their in vivo transfection efficiency and will be useful for design of lipid NPs with optimal circulation profiles. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/525853
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