Desymmetrization of chiral α-diimines by ethyl nosyloxycarbamate using water as a co-solvent takes place with very high diastereoselectivity, the nucleophilic attack occurring only on the less hindered side of the CN double bond. Interestingly, the presence of water in the reaction medium likely stabilizes the anion intermediate slowing down the successive cyclization reaction and favoring the rotation around the C-N single bond. In fact, as confirmed by ROESY experiments, only the two diastereomeric 3-(iminomethyl) diaziridine-1-carboxylates that differ in the absolute configuration of the alkyl substituted nitrogen atoms were always obtained in equimolar ratios. Finally, all compounds were easily obtained in optically pure form through HPLC separation and can be considered as interesting chiral synthons. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.

Water-controlled chiral inversion of a nitrogen atom during the synthesis of diaziridines from α-branched N,N'-dialkyl α-diimines / Aresu, Emanuele; Fioravanti, Stefania; Pellacani, Lucio; Sciubba, Fabio; Trulli, Laura. - In: NEW JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1144-0546. - STAMPA. - 37:12(2013), pp. 4125-4129. [10.1039/c3nj00780d]

Water-controlled chiral inversion of a nitrogen atom during the synthesis of diaziridines from α-branched N,N'-dialkyl α-diimines

FIORAVANTI, Stefania;PELLACANI, Lucio;SCIUBBA, FABIO;TRULLI, LAURA
2013

Abstract

Desymmetrization of chiral α-diimines by ethyl nosyloxycarbamate using water as a co-solvent takes place with very high diastereoselectivity, the nucleophilic attack occurring only on the less hindered side of the CN double bond. Interestingly, the presence of water in the reaction medium likely stabilizes the anion intermediate slowing down the successive cyclization reaction and favoring the rotation around the C-N single bond. In fact, as confirmed by ROESY experiments, only the two diastereomeric 3-(iminomethyl) diaziridine-1-carboxylates that differ in the absolute configuration of the alkyl substituted nitrogen atoms were always obtained in equimolar ratios. Finally, all compounds were easily obtained in optically pure form through HPLC separation and can be considered as interesting chiral synthons. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/525182
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