Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the discriminant capability of the patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) according to disease activity, in a cohort of Italian patients affected by systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: Consecutive SLE patients were enrolled. At each visit, the patients underwent a complete physical examination and the clinical/laboratory data were collected in a standardized, computerized, and electronically-filled form. The evaluation of serum complement C3 and C4 levels and determination of autoantibodies was obtained. Disease activity was assessed with the SLEDAI-2K and ECLAM, while chronic damage was measured with the SLICC. Finally, PASS was assessed in all patients by asking to answer yes or no to a single question. Results: One hundred sixty-five patients were enrolled (M/F 12/153; mean age 40.4+/-11.8 years, mean disease duration 109.1+/-96.2 months). No patients refused to answer, suggesting the acceptability of PASS. A total of 80% of patients rated their state as acceptable. The patients with an acceptable status had significantly lower mean SLEDAI-2K and ECLAM scores than the others [1.8+/-2.7 versus 3.4+/-2.3(P=0.004); 0.7+/-0.9 versus 1.4+/-1.1(P=0.0027)]. No significant differences were observed when considering chronic damage, evaluated with SLICC. Conclusions: In the clinical practice, SLE patients assessment performed by using complex disease activity indices such as SLEDAI-2K and ECLAM, could be time consuming. In our study, for the first time, we used PASS, a quick and easily comprehensible tool, to evaluate the patients' status, this single question seems to be able to discriminate patients with different disease activity, especially when this is determined by musculoskeletal involvement.

Evaluation of the Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS) in Italian Patients Affected by Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Association with Disease Activity Indices / Conti, Fabrizio; Ceccarelli, Fulvia; Massaro, Laura; Pacucci, VIVIANA ANTONELLA; Miranda, Francesca; Truglia, Simona; Cipriano, Enrica; Francesco, Martinelli; Leccese, Ilaria; Spinelli, FRANCESCA ROMANA; Alessandri, Cristiano; Perricone, Carlo; Valesini, Guido. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - STAMPA. - 8:9(2013), p. e73517. [10.1371/journal.pone.0073517]

Evaluation of the Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS) in Italian Patients Affected by Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Association with Disease Activity Indices

CONTI, FABRIZIO;CECCARELLI, FULVIA;MASSARO, LAURA;PACUCCI, VIVIANA ANTONELLA;MIRANDA, FRANCESCA;TRUGLIA, SIMONA;CIPRIANO, ENRICA;LECCESE, ILARIA;SPINELLI, FRANCESCA ROMANA;ALESSANDRI, cristiano;PERRICONE, CARLO;VALESINI, Guido
2013

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the discriminant capability of the patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) according to disease activity, in a cohort of Italian patients affected by systemic Lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: Consecutive SLE patients were enrolled. At each visit, the patients underwent a complete physical examination and the clinical/laboratory data were collected in a standardized, computerized, and electronically-filled form. The evaluation of serum complement C3 and C4 levels and determination of autoantibodies was obtained. Disease activity was assessed with the SLEDAI-2K and ECLAM, while chronic damage was measured with the SLICC. Finally, PASS was assessed in all patients by asking to answer yes or no to a single question. Results: One hundred sixty-five patients were enrolled (M/F 12/153; mean age 40.4+/-11.8 years, mean disease duration 109.1+/-96.2 months). No patients refused to answer, suggesting the acceptability of PASS. A total of 80% of patients rated their state as acceptable. The patients with an acceptable status had significantly lower mean SLEDAI-2K and ECLAM scores than the others [1.8+/-2.7 versus 3.4+/-2.3(P=0.004); 0.7+/-0.9 versus 1.4+/-1.1(P=0.0027)]. No significant differences were observed when considering chronic damage, evaluated with SLICC. Conclusions: In the clinical practice, SLE patients assessment performed by using complex disease activity indices such as SLEDAI-2K and ECLAM, could be time consuming. In our study, for the first time, we used PASS, a quick and easily comprehensible tool, to evaluate the patients' status, this single question seems to be able to discriminate patients with different disease activity, especially when this is determined by musculoskeletal involvement.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/524432
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