The description of the mechanical behaviour of brick/block masonry through equivalent continua is presented here as a paradigmatic example of the problem of gross modelling of discontinuous and heterogeneous materials as continua with microstructure. The approaches reported in the literature differ for the way identification of the continuum is carried out or the nature of the continuum itself. In this paper, continuous models equivalent to rigid particle systems with free or constrained rotations are derived within the general framework of the principle of virtual work. In particular, an integral equivalence procedure is used to derive micropolar, second gradient and classical models. The non-classical models have in the field equations non-standard kinematic and static descriptors accounting for the presence of the material internal structure. The differences in the material responses of the various continua are identified referring to their internal work formulas. For the reference material, it is shown that, unlike the Cauchy continuum, both micropolar and second gradient models are effective in the presence of load and geometrical singularities, which involve significant scale effects on the material response. On the other hand, the second gradient model, as well as the classical model, disregards the role of relative rotation between the local rigid rotation (macrorotation) and the microrotation, which is related to the presence of non-symmetric strains. This circumstance, significant in strongly anisotropic systems, allow us to point out the advantages of the micropolar modelling especially for orthotropic masonry assemblies made of elements of any size. These statements are discussed by means of selected numerical examples of masonry panels differing in size, shape and arrangement, under shear loading conditions. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Wien.

Derivation of microstructured continua from lattice systems via principle of virtual works: the case of masonry-like materials as micropolar, second gradient and classical continua / Trovalusci, P.; Pau, A.. - In: ACTA MECHANICA. - ISSN 0001-5970. - STAMPA. - (2014), pp. 157-177. [10.1007/s00707-013-0936-9]

Derivation of microstructured continua from lattice systems via principle of virtual works: the case of masonry-like materials as micropolar, second gradient and classical continua

P. Trovalusci;A. Pau
2014

Abstract

The description of the mechanical behaviour of brick/block masonry through equivalent continua is presented here as a paradigmatic example of the problem of gross modelling of discontinuous and heterogeneous materials as continua with microstructure. The approaches reported in the literature differ for the way identification of the continuum is carried out or the nature of the continuum itself. In this paper, continuous models equivalent to rigid particle systems with free or constrained rotations are derived within the general framework of the principle of virtual work. In particular, an integral equivalence procedure is used to derive micropolar, second gradient and classical models. The non-classical models have in the field equations non-standard kinematic and static descriptors accounting for the presence of the material internal structure. The differences in the material responses of the various continua are identified referring to their internal work formulas. For the reference material, it is shown that, unlike the Cauchy continuum, both micropolar and second gradient models are effective in the presence of load and geometrical singularities, which involve significant scale effects on the material response. On the other hand, the second gradient model, as well as the classical model, disregards the role of relative rotation between the local rigid rotation (macrorotation) and the microrotation, which is related to the presence of non-symmetric strains. This circumstance, significant in strongly anisotropic systems, allow us to point out the advantages of the micropolar modelling especially for orthotropic masonry assemblies made of elements of any size. These statements are discussed by means of selected numerical examples of masonry panels differing in size, shape and arrangement, under shear loading conditions. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Wien.
2014
virtual works; relative rotation; discrete-continuum modelling; brick-block masonry.; micromorphic continua; cauchy-born-voigt type constraints
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Derivation of microstructured continua from lattice systems via principle of virtual works: the case of masonry-like materials as micropolar, second gradient and classical continua / Trovalusci, P.; Pau, A.. - In: ACTA MECHANICA. - ISSN 0001-5970. - STAMPA. - (2014), pp. 157-177. [10.1007/s00707-013-0936-9]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/517187
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