Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with onset in the first three years of life. It occurs with an alteration of social interaction, communication and behavior. Autism can be considered a disease of emerging social interest, particularly for economic and social issues of affected children and their families, and for an increasing incidence. For this study, we have submitted an anamnestic questionnaire to 29 autistic children and their families in a South Italy region (Basilicata), collecting data about children and their parents. The aim of this work is to study the association between autism and risk factors for specific familiar diseases and developmental disease in the early years of life, through a medical social investigation. The results show that many children have a family history of autoimmune diseases (psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease, Takayasu's arteritis), allergies and food intolerances, suggesting a putative involvement of the immune system in autism etiopathogenesis. Analyzing residence’s areas of patients, Potenza and Matera, with their environmental factors (radioactive waste repositories, incinerators, intensive farming), we demonstrate that the particular territorial characteristics don’t affect autism. Autistic disorder is a spectrum of neurologic disorders complex both in etiopathogenesis and healthcare. So we aim to continue the study already undertaken on cytokines of autistic subjects serum and to extend it through biomolecular approaches assessing the presence of specific genetic polymorphisms in order to identify the physiopathogenetic mechanisms underlying the disease and to evaluate the predictive risk with the aim to improve care interventions.
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|Titolo:||Indagine su un gruppo di bambini autistici: possibili fattori di rischio e considerazioni medico sociali|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appartiene alla tipologia:||01a Articolo in rivista|