Drug abuse is often seen as a unitary phenomenon, partly as a result of the discovery over the past three decades of shared mechanisms of action for addictive substances. Yet the pattern of drug taking is often very different from drug to drug. This is particularly evident in the case of 'club drugs', such as ketamine. Although the number of ketamine abusers is relatively small in the general population, it is quite substantial in some settings. In particular, ketamine abuse is almost exclusively limited to clubs and large music parties, which suggests a major role of context in modulating the reward effects of this drug. This review focuses on recent preclinical and clinical findings, including previously unpublished data, that provide evidence that, even under controlled conditions, ketamine reward is a function of the setting of drug taking.

The role of setting for ketamine abuse: clinical and preclinical evidence / DE LUCA, MARIA TERESA; Meringolo, Maria; Spagnolo, PRIMAVERA ALESSANDRA; Badiani, Aldo. - In: REVIEWS IN THE NEUROSCIENCES. - ISSN 0334-1763. - STAMPA. - 23:5-6(2012), pp. 769-780. [10.1515/revneuro-2012-0078]

The role of setting for ketamine abuse: clinical and preclinical evidence

DE LUCA, MARIA TERESA;MERINGOLO, MARIA;SPAGNOLO, PRIMAVERA ALESSANDRA;BADIANI, Aldo
2012

Abstract

Drug abuse is often seen as a unitary phenomenon, partly as a result of the discovery over the past three decades of shared mechanisms of action for addictive substances. Yet the pattern of drug taking is often very different from drug to drug. This is particularly evident in the case of 'club drugs', such as ketamine. Although the number of ketamine abusers is relatively small in the general population, it is quite substantial in some settings. In particular, ketamine abuse is almost exclusively limited to clubs and large music parties, which suggests a major role of context in modulating the reward effects of this drug. This review focuses on recent preclinical and clinical findings, including previously unpublished data, that provide evidence that, even under controlled conditions, ketamine reward is a function of the setting of drug taking.
2012
setting; drug abuse; ketamine; environment; hallucinogens; psychostimulants; cocaine; context; opiates; drug addiction; drug dependence; heroin
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
The role of setting for ketamine abuse: clinical and preclinical evidence / DE LUCA, MARIA TERESA; Meringolo, Maria; Spagnolo, PRIMAVERA ALESSANDRA; Badiani, Aldo. - In: REVIEWS IN THE NEUROSCIENCES. - ISSN 0334-1763. - STAMPA. - 23:5-6(2012), pp. 769-780. [10.1515/revneuro-2012-0078]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/515431
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