Background and purpose: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is one of the most frequent complications of stroke, with a prevalence ranging 2060%. As PSD seems to be related to stroke severity, we hypothesized that the prevalence of PSD would be lower in patients with minor stroke. Methods: We investigated the prevalence and predictors of PSD over a 30-month follow-up period in a cohort of patients with minor ischaemic stroke (NIHSS <= 5). Results: We enrolled 105 patients (mean age 64.38 +/- 11.2 years, M/ F 69/36). PSD was diagnosed in 43 (41%) patients, 40 (93%) of whom had dysthymia; 22% of patients were already depressed at 1 month. The most frequent depressive symptoms (DSs) were working inhibition, indecisiveness, and fatigability. Patients who developed PSD were less educated (P = 0.044) and diabetic (P = 0.006). After excluding patients that were already depressed at 1 month, we performed a logistic regression model to detect predictors of PSD. Crying (P = 0.012, OR 1.067, CI 0.269-4.553) and guilt (P = 0.007, OR 0.037, CI 0.02i` 03-0.401) at baseline were two DSs found to be significantly correlated with PSD. Higher educational level (P = 0.022, OR 0.084, CI 0.010-0.698) and diabetes (P = 0.007, OR 14.361, CI 2.040-101.108) were the risk factors significantly correlated with PSD. Conclusion: Post-stroke depression is frequent even in patients with minor stroke. Early detection of DSs might help to predict long-term development of PSD. No correlation was observed between lesion site or side and the development of PSD.

Depression after minor stroke: prevalence and predictors / Altieri, M.; Maestrini, Ilaria; Mercurio, ALESSIO SIMONE; Troisi, Pina; Sgarlata, E.; Rea, V.; DI PIERO, Vittorio; Lenzi, Gian Luigi. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1351-5101. - STAMPA. - 19:3(2012), pp. 517-521. [10.1111/j.1468-1331.2011.03583.x]

Depression after minor stroke: prevalence and predictors

MAESTRINI, ILARIA;MERCURIO, ALESSIO SIMONE;TROISI, PINA;E. Sgarlata;DI PIERO, Vittorio;LENZI, Gian Luigi
2012

Abstract

Background and purpose: Post-stroke depression (PSD) is one of the most frequent complications of stroke, with a prevalence ranging 2060%. As PSD seems to be related to stroke severity, we hypothesized that the prevalence of PSD would be lower in patients with minor stroke. Methods: We investigated the prevalence and predictors of PSD over a 30-month follow-up period in a cohort of patients with minor ischaemic stroke (NIHSS <= 5). Results: We enrolled 105 patients (mean age 64.38 +/- 11.2 years, M/ F 69/36). PSD was diagnosed in 43 (41%) patients, 40 (93%) of whom had dysthymia; 22% of patients were already depressed at 1 month. The most frequent depressive symptoms (DSs) were working inhibition, indecisiveness, and fatigability. Patients who developed PSD were less educated (P = 0.044) and diabetic (P = 0.006). After excluding patients that were already depressed at 1 month, we performed a logistic regression model to detect predictors of PSD. Crying (P = 0.012, OR 1.067, CI 0.269-4.553) and guilt (P = 0.007, OR 0.037, CI 0.02i` 03-0.401) at baseline were two DSs found to be significantly correlated with PSD. Higher educational level (P = 0.022, OR 0.084, CI 0.010-0.698) and diabetes (P = 0.007, OR 14.361, CI 2.040-101.108) were the risk factors significantly correlated with PSD. Conclusion: Post-stroke depression is frequent even in patients with minor stroke. Early detection of DSs might help to predict long-term development of PSD. No correlation was observed between lesion site or side and the development of PSD.
depressive symptoms; dysthymia; minor stroke; post-stroke depression; risk factors
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Depression after minor stroke: prevalence and predictors / Altieri, M.; Maestrini, Ilaria; Mercurio, ALESSIO SIMONE; Troisi, Pina; Sgarlata, E.; Rea, V.; DI PIERO, Vittorio; Lenzi, Gian Luigi. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1351-5101. - STAMPA. - 19:3(2012), pp. 517-521. [10.1111/j.1468-1331.2011.03583.x]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/515334
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