Background: Implementing infection control measures in light of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) surveillance data can prevent HAIs. Surveillance has been associated with a reduction of HAI in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, though the reasons for this improvement remain unclear. Aim: To evaluate changes in healthcare-associated infection (HAI) rates during three surveys of the Italian Nosocomial Infections Surveillance in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) network (SPIN-UTI) six-year project and to explore sources of variation of indicators of HAI in the 65 participating ICUs. Methods: The SPIN-UTI network adopted the European protocols for patient-based HAI surveillance. Cumulative incidence, incidence density, infection rates adjusted for device-days, and device utilization ratios were calculated for each survey and compared. To identify risk factors multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. Crude excess mortality was computed as the difference between the crude overall case-fatality rate of patients with and without HAI. Findings: The risk of ICU-acquired infections increased in the third survey compared with previous (relative risk: 1.215; 95% confidence interval: 1.059e1.394). Among risk factors, the number of hospitalized patients requiring ICU admission and the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II increased from 73.7% to 78.1% and from 37.9% to 40.8% respectively. Although mortality rates remained unchanged, HAIs trebled the risk of death. Acinetobacter baumannii was the most frequently reported micro-organism in the third survey (16.9%), whereas in the previous surveys it ranked third (7.6%) and second (14.3%). Conclusions: The study highlighted the increased risk of HAI, at least partially explained by the greater severity and number of hospitalized patients requiring ICU admission. Furthermore, the management of intubation procedures and of ventilated patients was identified as a potential target for infection control interventions to decrease the growing risk of HAI in ICUs.

Background: Implementing infection control measures in light of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) surveillance data can prevent HAIs. Surveillance has been associated with a reduction of HAI in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, though the reasons for this improvement remain unclear. Aim: To evaluate changes in healthcare-associated infection (HAI) rates during three surveys of the Italian Nosocomial Infections Surveillance in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) network (SPIN-UTI) six-year project and to explore sources of variation of indicators of HAI in the 65 participating ICUs. Methods: The SPIN-UTI network adopted the European protocols for patient-based HAI surveillance. Cumulative incidence, incidence density, infection rates adjusted for device-days, and device utilization ratios were calculated for each survey and compared. To identify risk factors multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. Crude excess mortality was computed as the difference between the crude overall case-fatality rate of patients with and without HAI. Findings: The risk of ICU-acquired infections increased in the third survey compared with previous (relative risk: 1.215; 95% confidence interval: 1.059-1.394). Among risk factors, the number of hospitalized patients requiring ICU admission and the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II increased from 73.7% to 78.1% and from 37.9% to 40.8% respectively. Although mortality rates remained unchanged, HAIs trebled the risk of death. Acinetobacter baumannii was the most frequently reported micro-organism in the third survey (16.9%), whereas in the previous surveys it ranked third (7.6%) and second (14.3%). Conclusions: The study highlighted the increased risk of HAI, at least partially explained by the greater severity and number of hospitalized patients requiring ICU admission. Furthermore, the management of intubation procedures and of ventilated patients was identified as a potential target for infection control interventions to decrease the growing risk of HAI in ICUs. © 2013 The Healthcare Infection Society.

Trends, risk factors and outcomes of healthcare-associated infections within the Italian network SPIN-UTI / A., Agodi; F., Auxilia; M., Barchitta; S., Brusaferro; D'Alessandro, Daniela; O. C., Grillo; M. T., Montagna; C., Pasquarella; E., Righi; S., Tardivo; V., Torregrossa; I., Mura; Gisio,. - In: THE JOURNAL OF HOSPITAL INFECTION. - ISSN 0195-6701. - ELETTRONICO. - 84:1(2013), pp. 52-58. [10.1016/j.jhin.2013.02.012]

Trends, risk factors and outcomes of healthcare-associated infections within the Italian network SPIN-UTI

D'ALESSANDRO, Daniela;
2013

Abstract

Background: Implementing infection control measures in light of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) surveillance data can prevent HAIs. Surveillance has been associated with a reduction of HAI in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, though the reasons for this improvement remain unclear. Aim: To evaluate changes in healthcare-associated infection (HAI) rates during three surveys of the Italian Nosocomial Infections Surveillance in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) network (SPIN-UTI) six-year project and to explore sources of variation of indicators of HAI in the 65 participating ICUs. Methods: The SPIN-UTI network adopted the European protocols for patient-based HAI surveillance. Cumulative incidence, incidence density, infection rates adjusted for device-days, and device utilization ratios were calculated for each survey and compared. To identify risk factors multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. Crude excess mortality was computed as the difference between the crude overall case-fatality rate of patients with and without HAI. Findings: The risk of ICU-acquired infections increased in the third survey compared with previous (relative risk: 1.215; 95% confidence interval: 1.059-1.394). Among risk factors, the number of hospitalized patients requiring ICU admission and the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II increased from 73.7% to 78.1% and from 37.9% to 40.8% respectively. Although mortality rates remained unchanged, HAIs trebled the risk of death. Acinetobacter baumannii was the most frequently reported micro-organism in the third survey (16.9%), whereas in the previous surveys it ranked third (7.6%) and second (14.3%). Conclusions: The study highlighted the increased risk of HAI, at least partially explained by the greater severity and number of hospitalized patients requiring ICU admission. Furthermore, the management of intubation procedures and of ventilated patients was identified as a potential target for infection control interventions to decrease the growing risk of HAI in ICUs. © 2013 The Healthcare Infection Society.
Background: Implementing infection control measures in light of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) surveillance data can prevent HAIs. Surveillance has been associated with a reduction of HAI in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, though the reasons for this improvement remain unclear. Aim: To evaluate changes in healthcare-associated infection (HAI) rates during three surveys of the Italian Nosocomial Infections Surveillance in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) network (SPIN-UTI) six-year project and to explore sources of variation of indicators of HAI in the 65 participating ICUs. Methods: The SPIN-UTI network adopted the European protocols for patient-based HAI surveillance. Cumulative incidence, incidence density, infection rates adjusted for device-days, and device utilization ratios were calculated for each survey and compared. To identify risk factors multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. Crude excess mortality was computed as the difference between the crude overall case-fatality rate of patients with and without HAI. Findings: The risk of ICU-acquired infections increased in the third survey compared with previous (relative risk: 1.215; 95% confidence interval: 1.059e1.394). Among risk factors, the number of hospitalized patients requiring ICU admission and the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II increased from 73.7% to 78.1% and from 37.9% to 40.8% respectively. Although mortality rates remained unchanged, HAIs trebled the risk of death. Acinetobacter baumannii was the most frequently reported micro-organism in the third survey (16.9%), whereas in the previous surveys it ranked third (7.6%) and second (14.3%). Conclusions: The study highlighted the increased risk of HAI, at least partially explained by the greater severity and number of hospitalized patients requiring ICU admission. Furthermore, the management of intubation procedures and of ventilated patients was identified as a potential target for infection control interventions to decrease the growing risk of HAI in ICUs.
acinetobacter baumannii; acinetobacter baumannii intubation mortality; intubation; mortality; prevention; surveillance
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Trends, risk factors and outcomes of healthcare-associated infections within the Italian network SPIN-UTI / A., Agodi; F., Auxilia; M., Barchitta; S., Brusaferro; D'Alessandro, Daniela; O. C., Grillo; M. T., Montagna; C., Pasquarella; E., Righi; S., Tardivo; V., Torregrossa; I., Mura; Gisio,. - In: THE JOURNAL OF HOSPITAL INFECTION. - ISSN 0195-6701. - ELETTRONICO. - 84:1(2013), pp. 52-58. [10.1016/j.jhin.2013.02.012]
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/514571
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 42
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 38
social impact