Single walled carbon nanotubes have singular physicochemical properties making them attractive in a wide range of applications. Studies on carbon nanotubes and biological macromolecules exist in literature. However, ad hoc investigations are helpful to better understand the interaction mechanisms. We report on a system consisting of single walled carbon nanotubes and lysozyme. The phenomenology of nanotube-protein interactions and its effects on protein conformation were determined. We investigated the formation of oxidized nanotube-lysozyme conjugates, by studying the effect of both protein concentration and pH. Electrophoretic mobility, dielectric spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering were used to determine the interaction pathways, monitoring the surface charge density and the size of the complexes. The results allowed identifying the conditions of surface saturation at different pH values. The secondary structure of nanotube-adsorbed protein was controlled by circular dichroism; it was observed that it substantially retains its native conformation. Interestingly, we found that the interactions among oxidized nanotubes and lysozyme molecules are mainly of electrostatic nature and easily tunable by varying the pH of the solutions. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Lysozyme binds onto functionalized carbon nanotubes / Bomboi, Francesca; Tardani, Franco; Gazzoli, Delia; Adalberto, Bonincontro; LA MESA, Camillo. - In: COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. B, BIOINTERFACES. - ISSN 0927-7765. - STAMPA. - 108:(2013), pp. 16-22. [10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.02.034]

Lysozyme binds onto functionalized carbon nanotubes

BOMBOI, FRANCESCA;TARDANI, FRANCO;GAZZOLI, DELIA;LA MESA, Camillo
2013

Abstract

Single walled carbon nanotubes have singular physicochemical properties making them attractive in a wide range of applications. Studies on carbon nanotubes and biological macromolecules exist in literature. However, ad hoc investigations are helpful to better understand the interaction mechanisms. We report on a system consisting of single walled carbon nanotubes and lysozyme. The phenomenology of nanotube-protein interactions and its effects on protein conformation were determined. We investigated the formation of oxidized nanotube-lysozyme conjugates, by studying the effect of both protein concentration and pH. Electrophoretic mobility, dielectric spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering were used to determine the interaction pathways, monitoring the surface charge density and the size of the complexes. The results allowed identifying the conditions of surface saturation at different pH values. The secondary structure of nanotube-adsorbed protein was controlled by circular dichroism; it was observed that it substantially retains its native conformation. Interestingly, we found that the interactions among oxidized nanotubes and lysozyme molecules are mainly of electrostatic nature and easily tunable by varying the pH of the solutions. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
carbon nanotubes; oxidation; surface charge density; proteins; interactions
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Lysozyme binds onto functionalized carbon nanotubes / Bomboi, Francesca; Tardani, Franco; Gazzoli, Delia; Adalberto, Bonincontro; LA MESA, Camillo. - In: COLLOIDS AND SURFACES. B, BIOINTERFACES. - ISSN 0927-7765. - STAMPA. - 108:(2013), pp. 16-22. [10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.02.034]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/513573
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