Following the recent theoretical interpretation of GRB 090618 and GRB 101023, we here interpret GRB 970828 in terms of a double episode emission: the first episode, observed in the first 40 s of the emission, is interpreted as the proto-black-hole emission; the second episode, observed after t$_0$+50 s, as a canonical gamma ray burst. The transition between the two episodes marks the black hole formation. The characteristics of the real GRB, in the second episode, are an energy of E_{tot}^{e^+e^-} = 1.60 \times 10^{53} erg, a baryon load of B = 7 \times 10^{-3} and a bulk Lorentz factor at transparency of Gamma = 142.5. The clear analogy with GRB 090618 would require also in GRB 970828 the presence of a possible supernova. We also infer that the GRB exploded in an environment with a large average particle density <n> \approx 10^3 part/cm^3 and dense clouds characterized by typical dimensions of (4 - 8) \times 10^{14} cm and \delta n/n \propto 10. Such an environment is in line with the observed large column density absorption, which might have darkened both the supernova emission and the GRB optical afterglow.

On the thermal and double episode emissions in GRB 970828 / Izzo, Luca; Ruffini, Remo; Bianco, Carlo Luciano; Dereli, H.; Muccino, Marco; Penacchioni, ANA VIRGINIA; Pisani, GIOVANNI BATTISTA; RUEDA HERNANDEZ, JORGE ARMANDO. - ELETTRONICO. - (2012).

### On the thermal and double episode emissions in GRB 970828

#### Abstract

Following the recent theoretical interpretation of GRB 090618 and GRB 101023, we here interpret GRB 970828 in terms of a double episode emission: the first episode, observed in the first 40 s of the emission, is interpreted as the proto-black-hole emission; the second episode, observed after t$_0$+50 s, as a canonical gamma ray burst. The transition between the two episodes marks the black hole formation. The characteristics of the real GRB, in the second episode, are an energy of E_{tot}^{e^+e^-} = 1.60 \times 10^{53} erg, a baryon load of B = 7 \times 10^{-3} and a bulk Lorentz factor at transparency of Gamma = 142.5. The clear analogy with GRB 090618 would require also in GRB 970828 the presence of a possible supernova. We also infer that the GRB exploded in an environment with a large average particle density \approx 10^3 part/cm^3 and dense clouds characterized by typical dimensions of (4 - 8) \times 10^{14} cm and \delta n/n \propto 10. Such an environment is in line with the observed large column density absorption, which might have darkened both the supernova emission and the GRB optical afterglow.
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2012
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On the thermal and double episode emissions in GRB 970828 / Izzo, Luca; Ruffini, Remo; Bianco, Carlo Luciano; Dereli, H.; Muccino, Marco; Penacchioni, ANA VIRGINIA; Pisani, GIOVANNI BATTISTA; RUEDA HERNANDEZ, JORGE ARMANDO. - ELETTRONICO. - (2012).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/512639
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