In the present article, we discuss the various ambiguous aspects of the immune sys-tem that render this complex biological network so highly flexible and able to defend the host from different external invaders. This ambiguity stems mainly from the property of the immune system to be both protective and harmful. Immunity cannot be fully pro-tective without producing a certain degree of damage (immunopathology) to the host. The balance between protection and tissue damage is, therefore, critical for the estab-lishment of immune homeostasis and protection. In this review, we will consider as ambiguous, various immunological tactics including: (a) the opposing functions driving immune responses, immune-regulation, and contra-regulation, as well as (b) the phenome-non of chronic immune activation as a result of a continuous cross-presentation of apoptotic T cells by dendritic cells. All these plans participate principally to maintain a state of chronic low-level inflammation during persisting infections, and ultimately to favor the species survival. © 2012 Barnaba, Paroli and Piconese.

The ambiguity in immunology / Barnaba, Vincenzo; Paroli, Marino; Piconese, Silvia. - In: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-3224. - ELETTRONICO. - 3:FEB(2012), pp. 18-Article Number: 18. [10.3389/fimmu.2012.00018]

The ambiguity in immunology

BARNABA, Vincenzo;PAROLI, Marino;PICONESE, SILVIA
2012

Abstract

In the present article, we discuss the various ambiguous aspects of the immune sys-tem that render this complex biological network so highly flexible and able to defend the host from different external invaders. This ambiguity stems mainly from the property of the immune system to be both protective and harmful. Immunity cannot be fully pro-tective without producing a certain degree of damage (immunopathology) to the host. The balance between protection and tissue damage is, therefore, critical for the estab-lishment of immune homeostasis and protection. In this review, we will consider as ambiguous, various immunological tactics including: (a) the opposing functions driving immune responses, immune-regulation, and contra-regulation, as well as (b) the phenome-non of chronic immune activation as a result of a continuous cross-presentation of apoptotic T cells by dendritic cells. All these plans participate principally to maintain a state of chronic low-level inflammation during persisting infections, and ultimately to favor the species survival. © 2012 Barnaba, Paroli and Piconese.
2012
ambiguity; autoimmunity; cancer; homeostasis; inflammation
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01b Commento, Erratum, Replica e simili
The ambiguity in immunology / Barnaba, Vincenzo; Paroli, Marino; Piconese, Silvia. - In: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-3224. - ELETTRONICO. - 3:FEB(2012), pp. 18-Article Number: 18. [10.3389/fimmu.2012.00018]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/503173
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